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OVERVIEW

1.1 The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is the nodal Ministry at the federal level for all matters relating to new and renewable energy. The Ministry has been facilitating the implementation of broad spectrum programs including harnessing renewable power, renewable energy to rural areas for lighting, cooking and motive power, use of renewable energy in urban, industrial and commercial applications and development of alternate fuels and applications.

Indian Renewable Energy Scenario

1.2 Over the years, renewable energy sector in India has emerged as a significant player in the grid connected power generation capacity. It supports the government agenda of sustainable growth, while, emerging as an integral part of the solution to meet the nation’s energy needs and an essential player for energy access. It has been realized that renewable energy has to play a much deeper role in achieving energy security in the years ahead and be an integral part of the energy planning process.


1.3 There has been a visible impact of renewable energy in the Indian energy scenario during the last five years. Renewable energy sector landscape in India has, during the last few years, witnessed tremendous changes in the policy framework with accelerated and ambitious plans to increase the contribution of solar energy. There is a perception that renewable energy can now play a significant role, as also, there is a confidence in the technologies and capacity to do so. Enlarging the scope of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission symbolizes both, and indeed encapsulates the vision and ambition for the future. This transformational change is, perhaps, the highlight of the last five years of activities under the Mission. In addition, the launching of Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) mechanism helps in the creation of a Pan-India renewable energy market. The other significant achievements are introduction of solar specific purchase obligations; launching of improved cook-stoves initiatives; initiating coordinated research and development activities in solar PV and thermal; second generation biofuels, hydrogen energy and fuel cells, etc.

1.4 Core drivers for development and deployment of new and renewable energy in India have been:

a. Energy security: At present around 69.5 per cent of India’s power generation capacity is based on coal. In addition, India’s increasing dependence on imported oil, is leading to imports of around 33 per cent of India’s total energy needs.

b. Electricity shortages: Despite increase in installed capacity by more than 113 times in 65 years, India is still not in a position to meet its peak electricity demand as well as energy requirement. The peak power deficit during financial year 2001-02 was 12.2 per cent, approximately 9252 MW, however, at the end of Financial Year 2014-15, the peak power deficit decreased to the order of 2.4 per cent. As a fallout of this situation, planned and un-planned measures were undertaken by the government and utilities to bridge this demand-supply gap.


c. Energy Access: India faces a challenge to ensure availability of reliable and modern forms of energy for all its citizens. Almost 85 per cent of rural households depend on

solid fuel for their cooking needs and only 55 per cent of all rural households have access to electricity. However, even with this low access, most rural households face issues with quality and consistency of energy supply. Lack of rural lighting is leading to large-scale use of kerosene. This usage needs to be reduced, as it leads to increased subsidies and import dependence, and consequent pressure on foreign exchange reserves.

d. Climate change: India has taken a voluntary commitment of reducing emission intensity of its GDP by 33-35 per cent from 2005 levels by 2030. In the recently concluded 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) held at Paris, France, India committed to achieve about 40 per cent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel based energy resources by 2030 with the help of transfer of technology and low cost international finance including from Green Climate Fund (GCF).

RENEWABLE ENERGY POTENTIAL

1.5 India has an estimated renewable energy potential of about 900 GW from commercially exploitable sources viz. Wind – 102 GW (at 80 metre mast height); Small Hydro – 20 GW; Bio-energy – 25 GW; and 750 GW solar power, assuming 3% wasteland is made available. The Ministry had taken up a new initiative for implementation of wind resource assessment in uncovered / new areas with an aim to assess the realistic potential at 100 m level in 500 new stations across the country under the National Clean Energy Fund (NCEF). The revised wind energy potential in the country extrapolated at 80 metre height has been found to be 102,788 MW. National Institute of Wind Energy has used advanced modelling techniques and revised the estimate the wind power potential at 100 metre at 302 GW. Estimates of offshore wind energy potential indicate potential in Tamil Nadu and Gujarat. Wind energy generators of unit sizes between 250kW and 2.50 MW have been deployed across the country. In addition, there exists significant potential from decentralized distributed applications for meeting hot water requirement for residential, commercial and industrial sector through solar energy and also for meeting cooking energy needs in the rural areas through biogas. Table 1.1 provides details on state wise renewable energy potential in the country.

1.6 Renewable energy has a great potential to usher in universal energy access. In a decentralized or standalone mode, renewable energy is an appropriate, scalable and viable solution for providing power to un-electrified or power deficient villages and hamlets. Around 1.1 million households are using solar energy to meet their lighting energy needs and almost similar numbers of the households meet their cooking energy needs from biogas plants. Solar Photovoltaic (PV) power systems are being used for a variety of applications such as rural electrification, railway signalling, microwave repeaters, TV transmission and reception and for providing power to border outposts. Over 10,000 remote and inaccessible villages and hamlets have been provided with basic electricity services through distributed renewable power systems.

1.7 India has developed extensive data bases for renewable energy resource in the country. The National Institute of Wind Energy (NIWE), formerly known as Centre for

Table1.1 : State wise renewable energy potential (in MW)
Sl. No.
States/UTs
Wind
Power
Small
Hydro
Power
Bio-Energy
Solar
Total
Biomass
Power
Bagasse
Cogeneration
Waste to
Energy

1

Andhra Pradesh

14497

978

578

300

123

38440

54916

2

Arunachal Pradesh

236

1341

8

8650

10236

3

Assam

112

239

212

8

13760

14330

4

Bihar

144

223

619

300

73

11200

12559

5

Chhattisgarh

314

1107

236

24

18270

19951

6

Goa

7

26

880

912

7

Gujarat

35071

202

1221

350

112

35770

72726

8

Haryana

93

110

1333

350

24

4560

6470

9

Himachal Pradesh

64

2398

142

2

33840

36446

10

Jammu & Kashmir

5685

1431

43

111050

118208

11

Jharkhand

91

209

90

10

18180

18580

12

Karnataka

13593

4141

1131

450

24700

44015

13

Kerala

837

704

1044

36

6110

8732

14

Madhya Pradesh

2931

820

1364

78

61660

66853

15

Maharashtra

5961

794

1887

1250

287

64320

74500

16

Manipur

56

109

13

2

10630

10811

17

Meghalaya

82

230

11

2

5860

6185

18

Mizoram

169

1

2

9090

9261

19

Nagaland

16

197

10

7290

7513

20

Orissa

1384

295

246

22

25780

27728

21

Punjab

441

3172

300

45

2810

6768

22

Rajasthan

5050

57

1039

62

142310

148518

23

Sikkim

98

267

2

4940

5307

24

Tamil Nadu

14152

660

1070

450

151

17670

34152

25

Telangana

20410

20410

26

Tripura

47

3

2

2080

2131

27

Uttar Pradesh

1260

461

1617

1250

176

22830

27593

28

Uttarakhand

534

1708

24

5

16800

19071

29

West Bengal

22

396

396

148

6260

7222

30

Andaman & Nicobar

365

8

0

373

31

Chandigarh

6

0

6

32

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

0

0

33

Daman & Diu

4

0

4

34

Delhi

131

2050

2181

35

Lakshadweep

0

0

36

Puducherry

120

3

0

123

37

Others

1022

790

1812

Total

102772

19749

17536

5000

2554

748990

896602

Wind Energy Technology, has developed the Wind Atlas of India. NIWE also collects data from Solar Radiation Resource Assessment stations to assess and quantify solar radiation availability and develop Solar Atlas of the country. National Institute of Solar Energy has assessed the State wise solar potential by taking 3% of the waste land area to be covered by Solar PV modules. The Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru has developed Biomass Atlas of India, and the Alternate Hydro Energy Centre, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee has assessed small hydro potential in the country.

1.8 A large domestic manufacturing base has been established in the country for renewable energy systems and products. Companies investing in these technologies are eligible for fiscal incentives, tax holidays and depreciation allowance apart from the remunerative returns for the power fed into the grid. Further, the government is encouraging foreign investors to set up renewable power projects with 100 percent foreign direct investment. The Indian Renewable Energy Programme has received wide recognition internationally in the recent years. Many countries have evinced interest in cooperation with India for promotion of new and renewable energy. India has considerable expertise and experience in promoting renewable energy, both grid interactive and off-grid/stand-alone applications for meeting electrical energy needs. India has been interacting with several developed and developing countries for cooperation in new and renewable energy sector. Bilateral and multilateral cooperation frameworks have been established with 44 countries.

RENEWABLE ENERGY TARGETS

1.9 Immediately after the Prime Minister’s inaugural address to the 1st Renewable Energy Global Investor Meet & Expo (RE-INVEST 2015) on 15th February, 2015 articulating the future of renewable as “moving from megawatt to gigawatt”, the Government quickly worked towards laying down actionable plans for the Renewable Energy sector to make a quantum jump. Many investors and stakeholders have committed their investments in the sector by taking up projects in different parts of the country. The Government has laid a strong foundation for the penetration of renewable energy in India in the coming years.

1.10 The Government has up-scaled the target of renewable energy capacity to 175 GW by the year 2022 which includes 100 GW from solar, 60 GW from wind, 10 GW from bio-power and 5 GW from small hydro-power. The capacity target of 100 GW set under the National Solar Mission (JNNSM) will principally comprise of 40 GW Rooftop and 60 GW through Large and Medium Scale Grid Connected Solar Power Projects. With this ambitious target, India will become one of the largest Green Energy producers in the world, surpassing several developed countries. The total investment in setting up 100 GW will be around Rs.6,00,000 crore. The target, which looked overambitious, now seems within the realms of reality with several States already witnessing silent revolution on rooftop solar power generation with the launch of net metering in the country. Confident of the growth rate in clean energy sector, the Government of India in its submission to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change on Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) has stated that India will achieve 40% cumulative Electric power capacity from non-fossil fuel based energy resources by 2030 with the help of transfer of technology and low cost International

Hon'ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi speaking at the Launch of International Solar Alliance in Paris, France on 30th November 2015

Finance including from Green Climate Fund.

1.11 Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and French President Mr. François Hollande jointly launched the International Solar Alliance (ISA) at the UNFCCC CoP 21 in Paris on 30th November 2015 as a special platform for mutual cooperation among 121 solar resource rich countries lying fully or partially between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. The alliance is dedicated to address special energy needs of ISA member countries.

1.12 The new body of Secretariat will be hosted by Government of India. The Government

Hon'ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and Hon'ble President of France Mr. François Hollande pressing the button to inaugurate the Interim Secretariat of International Solar Alliance at Surya Bhavan, and the laying of foundation stone for the ISA Secretariat at NISE Campus at Gwalpahari, Gurgaon on 25.1.2016. Shri Piyush Goyal Hon'ble Minster for Coal, Power and New & Renewable Energy is also seen applauding.

will provide land and $30 million (Rs.175 crore) to form a secretariat for the Alliance, and also support it for five years. The participants, mostly in Latin America and Africa but also including the US, China, and France, would work together to increase solar capacity across emerging markets. The inauguration of Interim Secretariat of International Solar Alliance at Surya Bhavan, and the laying of foundation stone for the ISA Secretariat was held at National Institute of Solar Energy at Gwalpahari, Gurgaon on 25 January 2016 by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and French President Mr. François Hollande.

Hon'ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi addressing the audience at the Foundation Stone laying of the International Solar Alliance Headquarters building at NISE Campus at Gwalpahari, Gurgaon on 25.1.2016

 

A glimpse of the audience at the Foundation Stone laying function for the International Solar Alliance Headquarters building at NISE Campus at Gwalpahari, Gurgaon on 25.1.2016

RECENT SCHEMES AND PROGRAMMES

1.13 In continuation of the new initiatives launched in the previous year, the Government has taken up the following new projects/schemes during the current financial year:

  • Scheme for Setting up over 2,000 MW of Grid-Connected Solar PV Power Projects with Viability Gap Funding (VGF) Under Batch-III of Phase II of the NSM. Projects are to be set up by Solar Power developers on Build-Own-Operate basis, selected through a process of open and transparent competitive reverse bidding on the VGF amount, with a provision of reduction in tariff. These projects would be selected through a process of e-bidding followed by e- reverse auctioning.
  • Conversion of Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) From Section 8 Company to Section 3 Company under The Companies Act, 2013 (No. 18 Of 2013) and to Re-name it as Renewable Energy Corporation Of India (RECI).
  • Creation of Intra State Transmission System in the States of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan at an estimated cost of Rs.8548.68 crore with Government of India contribution from National Clean Energy Fund (NCEF) of Rs.3419.47 crore. A similar project at a total cost of Rs.1593 crore with contribution from NCEF at Rs.637 crore was approved earlier by the Government for Tamil Nadu in the previous year.
  • •Scaling up of Budget from Rs.600 crore during 12th Five Year Plan to Rs.5000 crore for Grid Connected Rooftop and Small Solar Power Plants Programme over a Period of Five Years upto 2019-20 under National Solar Mission (NSM).
  • Scheme for Setting up of over 5000 MW Grid-Connected Solar PV Power Projects with Viability Gap Funding Under Batch-IV of Phase-II of the NSM.

1.14 In order to facilitate integration of large scale renewable generation capacity addition, Cabinet Committee of Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved creation of intra-state transmission system in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu rich in renewable resource potential and where large capacity renewable power projects are planned, at an estimated cost of Rs.10,141.68 crore with Government of India contribution from National Clean Energy fund (NCEF) of Rs.4056.67 crore. The activities envisaged under the project includes establishment of 48 new Grid sub-stations of different voltage levels with total transformation capacity around 17100 MVA (Mega Volt Ampere) by installing over 7800 ckt-kms (Circuit Kilometers) of transmission lines in these seven states. The project is proposed to be completed within a period of three to five years, with costs proposed to be met through KfW loan (40 percent of the total cost), NCEF grant (40 percent of the total cost) and the remaining 20 percent as State contribution. Creation of an intra-state transmission system will facilitate evacuation of renewable power from generation stations to load centres


1.15 The Government has also approved a Scheme, in December 2014, for setting up of 25 Solar Parks, each with the capacity of 500 MW and above and Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects to be developed in next 5 years in various States and will require Central Government financial support of Rs.4050 crore. These parks will be able to accommodate over 20,000 MW of solar power projects. As on date, 33 parks with capacity of about 20,000 MW in 22 states have been sanctioned.

1.16 The Government has also approved amendments to the National Tariff Policy, 2005 positively impacting renewable energy sector, namely

  • In order to promote renewable energy and energy security, it is decided that 8% of total consumption of electricity, excluding hydro power, shall be from solar energy by March 2022.
  • Renewable Generation Obligation (RGO) - New coal/lignite based thermal plants after specified date to also establish/procure/purchase renewable capacity as prescribed by Government of India (GoI).
  • To allow bundling of renewable power with power from thermal plants, whose PPAs have expired or plants which have completed their useful life subject to development through competitive bidding.
  • No inter-State transmission charges and losses to be levied for renewable power (solar/wind) till such period as notified by GoI.
  • Compulsorily procurement of 100% power produced from all the Waste-to-Energy plants in the State by the Distribution Companies. This will facilitate meeting the objective of Swachh Bharat Mission for disposal of waste besides generation of electricity.
  • In view of geological uncertainties and clearance issues faced by Hydro projects and also to promote clean power, Hydro projects have been exempted from competitive bidding till 15th August 2022.
  • Since India is running one of the largest renewable capacity expansion programmes in the world and there is a need for corresponding grid stability. Regulator will frame norms for ancillary services to support power system or grid operation especially with expanding renewable energy.

1.17 The Government approved Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) to apply to the Registrar of Companies for converting it into a Section 3 company and renaming it as the Renewable Energy Corporation of India (RECI). After this, SECI will become a self-sustaining and self-generating organization. It will engage itself in owning solar power plants generating and selling power and in other segments of solar sector activities, including manufacturing of solar products and materials. RECI will take up development of all segments of renewable energy namely, geo-thermal, off-shore wind, tidal etc. apart from solar energy.

1.18 The Ministry took up an ambitious programme for installation of 1,00,000 solar water pumping systems for irrigation and drinking water in different States of the country during 2014-15. Under the programme 63436 Solar pumps will be installed through the State Govt. Agencies and 15330 pumps has been earmarked for community drinking water supply in collaboration with Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. In addition 30,000 solar pumps will be installed through bank loan for irrigation purpose to individual farmers. NABARD is the Nodal Agency for this scheme. Under the scheme Banks (Regional Rural Banks, Commercial Banks etc.) extended the loans at normal interest rates and subsidy component to the beneficiaries. 22,000 nos. of solar pumps have been installed during 2015-16.

1.19 Implementation of Scheme for setting up 1000 MW of Grid Connected Solar PV Power projects by CPSUs and GOI organization’s with Viability Gap Funding in three

years period from 2015-16 to 2017-18. As on 31st December, 2015, about 929 MW have been allocated to various CPSUs under the scheme. Subsequently, full capacity of 1000 MW was allocated to 17 CPSUs.

1.20 Scheme for setting up over 300 MW of Grid Connected Solar PV Power projects by Defence Establishments under Ministry of Defence and Para Military Forces with Viability Gap Funding under Phase II/III of JNNSM in the period 2014-19. As on 31st December, 2015 about 185 MW has been allocated till date under the scheme, but subsequently 290 MW of available capacity has been allocated to defence organisations/ establishments under Ministry of Defence.

1.21 Scheme for Development of Grid Connected Solar PV Power Plants on Canal Banks and Canal Tops: MNRE launched a Scheme for Development of Grid Connected Solar PV Power Plants on Canal Banks and Canal Tops in the country during the 12th Plan period at an estimated cost of Rs.975 crore and with Central Financial Assistance (CFA) of Rs.228 crore. The Solar PV Power Plants on Canal Banks and Canal Tops with 50 MW capacities under each category have been approved to 8 States (Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Uttarakhand and West Bengal).

1.22 A new loan scheme to promote rooftop solar power projects was launched by IREDA in July 2015. The scheme will provide loans at interest rates between 9.9 and 10.75 percent to system aggregators and developers.

1.23 Surya Mitra Scheme launched for creating 50,000 trained personnel within a period of 3 years (2015-16 to 2017-18). The course content has been approved by the National Council of Vocational Training as per the National Skill, Qualification Framework. As on 30.9.2015, a total of 27 programmes involving Rs 17 crore have been sanctioned to SNAs by NISE. In 2015-16, 70 programmes will be conducted against which 27 programmes have started.

POLICY INITIATIVES

1.24 The Ministry has taken a number of Policy Initiatives as given below:

  • National Offshore Wind Energy Policy, 2015 : Under this Policy, the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE) has been authorized as the Nodal Ministry for use of offshore areas within the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of the country and the National Institute of Wind Energy (NIWE) has been authorized as the Nodal Agency for development of offshore wind energy in the country and to carry out allocation of offshore wind energy blocks, coordination and allied functions with related ministries and agencies. It would pave the way for offshore wind energy development including, setting up of offshore wind power projects and research and development activities, in waters, in or adjacent to the country, up to the seaward distance of 200 Nautical Miles (EEZ of the country) from the base line. The policy will provide a level playing field to all investors/beneficiaries, domestic and international. It is planned to set up the first offshore wind power project off the Gujarat coast soon.
  • Wind Atlas, 2015 Launched: A wind Atlas having information at 100 m height has been launched. It’s a GIS based software tool which will help not only the developers but also policy planners.

  • Restoration of Accelerated Depreciation Benefits for Wind Power Projects: After significant harm was done to the wind sector due to withdrawal of AD with effect from 1.4.2012, it has been restored on 18.7.2014. This decision of the Government has helped in creating a robust manufacturing base for wind turbines in the country.
  • Establishment of Partnership to Advance Clean Energy (PACE) Setter Fund: U.S. and India have signed an MoU to establish PACE Setter Funds with a contribution of US$ 4 million (INR 25 crores) from each side for providing grants for seed capital for innovative clean energy projects. The PACE Setter Funds has been formally launched on 19th August, 2015 in New Delhi.

1.25 In addition to the initiatives, other Ministries and Departments of the Government have taken a number of steps to promote capacity addition in the renewable energy sector.

  • Inclusion of Renewable Energy Projects in Priority Sector Lending Norms of Commercial Banks: In pursuance to the initiatives taken by MNRE, Reserve Bank of India vide its circular dated 23rd April, 2015 on ‘Priority Sector Lending: Targets and Classification’ has issued revised guidelines for all scheduled commercial banks to include renewable energy in categories of priority sector, in addition to existing categories. Bank loans up to a limit of Rs 15 crore to borrowers for purposes like solar based power generators, biomass based power generators, wind mills, micro-hydel plants and for non-conventional energy based public utilities viz. street lighting systems, and remote village electrification. For individual households, the loan limit will be Rs 10 lakh per borrower.

1.26 The consistent follow-up by the Ministry resulted into the notification by 22 State Electricity Regulatory Commissions (SERCs) of twenty States have notified regulatory framework on net-metering and feed-in-tariff to encourage rooftop solar plants. Net-metering schemes has been rolled out in majority of States which will help in meeting 40 GW rooftop grid connected solar projects. So far, 16 States namely Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Manipur, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal have come out with Solar Policy supporting grid connected rooftop systems.

1.27 The establishment of Renewable Energy Management Centres (REMC) equipped with advanced forecasting tools, smart dispatching solutions, and real time monitoring of RE generation, closely coordinating with SLDCs/RLDCs has been envisaged as a primary requirement for grid integration of large scale RE. India is planning to establish one REMC in each region which will be connected through respective state REMCs. The Central REMC will be at the top, which will be maintained and run by National Load Dispatch Centres. In view of the expected increase in RE penetration, there is a need to equip the power system operators with state-of-the-art tools along with real time data of RE generation. There will be a hierarchical connection between the State Load Dispatch Centre, Regional Load Dispatch Centre and National Load Dispatch Centre.

CURRENT ACHIEVEMENTS

1.28 The main activities/achievements under different programmes of the Ministry during the year 2015-16 are highlighted as under:

RENEWABLE POWER INSTALLED CAPACITY

1.29 The gross installed capacity of grid interactive renewable power in the country stood at about 33.8 GW as on 31st December 2015 as shown in Table 1.2. As of December 2015, solar, wind, biomass and small hydropower contribute about 13.60 per cent of the total installed capacity for electricity. Renewable energy has been witnessing over 20 per cent growth in the last five years. From the total renewable power installed capacity of 14,400 MW at the beginning of 2009, it has reached a capacity of 38,822 MW at the end of December 2015. Wind energy continues to dominate India’s renewable energy industry, accounting for over 64 % of installed capacity (25,088 MW), followed by solar power (4,879 MW), biopower (4,677 MW) and small hydro power (4,177 MW).

1.30 India occupies the fifth position in the world with a wind power installed capacity of 25.1 GW. During the year against a target of 2400 MW 1,645 MW wind power projects were commissioned. During year up to 31st December 2015, 1119.76 MW Solar Power Projects were commissioned.

1.31 The cumulative biomass power projects including through baggasse cogeneration with an aggregate surplus power generation capacity of about 4761 MW have been successfully commissioned. Biomass gasifiers based projects of 12 kWe each are

Table 1.2 Cumulative Deployment of Various Renewable Energy Systems/Devices in the country (as on 31.12.2015)
Sector
Achievements
during 2015-16
(up to December 2015)
Cumulative
Achievements
(as on 31.12.2015)
I. GRID-INTERACTIVE POWER (CAPACITIES IN MW)
Wind Power
1,644.58
25,088.19
Small Hydro Power
121.55
4,176.90
Bio Power (Biomass & Gasification and Bagasse Cogeneration
132.00
4,550.55
Waste to Power
12.00
127.08
Solar Power
1,119.76
4,878.87
Total
3,029.89
38,821.59
II. OFF-GRID/ CAPTIVE POWER (CAPACITIES IN MWEQ)
Waste to Energy
0.50
146.51
Biomass(non-bagasse) Cogeneration
10.50
602.37
Biomass Gasifiers
-Rural
0.20
18.15
-Industrial
8.67
160.57
Aero-Genrators/Hybrid systems
0.15
2.67
SPV Systems
54.66
289.01
Water mills/micro hydel
0.00
17.21
Bio-gas based energy system
0.00
0.00
Total
74.68
1,236.64
III. OTHER RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS    
Family Biogas Plants (numbers in lakh)
0.22
0.00
Solar Water Heating – Collector Area (million m2)
48.34
8.90

providing uninterrupted power supply to 17 telecom towers based on sustainable business model by entrepreneurs in Rajasthan. Off-grid power capacity from biomass gasifier in 19 rice mills and other industries including flour mill, bakeries for meeting captive demand of electricity and thermal applications have been installed in various states with an installed capacity of 11.98 MW during 2015-16. Small hydro projects with a capacity of 121.55 MW have been commissioned during the year. Solar power projects installations grown by 431 MW capacity solar power plants using solar photovoltaics and solar thermal technologies being commissioned during the year.
 
50 MW Wind Farm at Theni Kamatchipuram, Tamilnadu

 

NATIONAL SOLAR MISSION

1.32 26 nos. SPV projects of aggregate 330 MW capacity have been commissioned. A 5 MW SPV project by Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Development Corporation Limited (DMICDC) has also been set up under the MNRE bundling scheme. Thus, 523 MW solar PV projects and 202.5 MW solar thermal power projects have been commissioned under the bundling scheme. Under the 100 SPV power plants, 78 projects were selected to set up 98 MW capacity projects from 12 States. Against this, 71 projects of total capacity 90.80 MW have been connected to grid.

100 MW Solar photovoltaic power plant at Village - Hardani & Nadiyan Kalan, Tehsil- Baori, Jodhpur, Rajasthan

1.33 Under the 750 MW VGF scheme under Phase II Batch I, during the year 2015-16, large-scale ground-mounted solar PV projects with cumulative capacity of 490 MW have been commissioned and are under commercial operation, thereby bringing the aggregate capacity commissioned and under commercial operation in this scheme to 650 MW across 6 states. Another 30 MW capacity is expected to get commissioned by 31st March, 2016.

1.34 Under the Mission, the Ministry has also set up the following schemes:

  • Under the Grid Connected Solar PV Power Projects (3000 MW) by NTPC and other PSUs Tenders for 2750 MW capacity project allotted to Andhra Pradesh (1000 MW- all in solar park), Rajasthan (420 MW in solar park, 230 MW outside solar park), Uttar Pradesh (100 MW outside solar park), Karnataka (600 MW in solar park) and Telangana (400 MW outside solar park) have been issued by NTPC Ltd. For 850 MW capacity solar PV projects in solar park in Kurnool District of Andhra Pradesh, bidding has been completed and the lowest bids of Rs. 4.63/unit have been received.
  • Project for Setting up of 15,000 MW of Grid-Connected Solar PV Power Plants through NTPC Limited / NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam Limited (NVVN) under National Solar Mission.

1.35 Under the Grid-Interactive Rooftop SPV projects of capacity 476.56 MWp have been sanctioned till December 2015 including 315.96 MWp under 5 nos. projects under National Clean Energy Fund (NCEF). During the year, solar systems having total capacities of 72.00 MWp which includes solar lanterns, solar home lights, solar street lights, solar pumps and power plants were installed in various States.

1.36 Since the market for Solar Water Heating System has reached a level of maturity to sustain with its own technology and competency, the subsidy for the Scheme for Solar Water Heaters has been discontinued w.e.f. 01.10.2014 and has been transferred to IREDA as a loan scheme.

1.37 Around 25 systems with 5266 sq. m. of Concentrated Solar Thermal area were also completed during the year 2015-16 making a total of 200 Systems with 45,000 Sq. m. of area installed so far in the country. In addition, a number of solar steam cooking systems have been installed at college hostels and religious institutions across the country.

1.38 Continued emphasis was laid on research and development in various areas of solar energy technologies and application. The focus was on indigenization of technology, product development and resource assessment. At present, 28 number of R&D projects are under implementation in area of solar photovoltaic (SPV) and solar thermal (ST).

RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR RURAL APPLICATIONS

1.39 More than 37,000 biogas plants of the approved models were installed across the country with financial support of the Ministry, taking the cumulative installation to over 48.34 lakh biogas plants in all States and Union Territories of the country. The target of 1.11 lakh during the year is likely to be achieved in full.

1.40 Under the National Biomass Cookstoves Initiative, several pilot projects have been taken up during the year for deployment of improved biomass cookstoves for demonstration among domestic and large sized community cooking in Anganwadis, Mid-day meal schemes in schools, Tribal Hostels etc. Projects taken up under Unnat Chulha Abhiyan are now eligible for Carbon Credits under the CDM mechanism with Sardar Swaran Singh National Institute of Renewable Energy (SSS-NIRE), an autonomous institute of MNRE, located at Jalandhar, Punjab has been designated as Coordinating and Managing Entity (CME). At present 40 models of improved cookstoves have been approved by the Ministry, as per the Test Reports issued by the Test Centres.

1.41 Rice husk gasifier based 12 village level projects of 32 kWe each have been installed based on sustainable business model by entrepreneurs in various villages of Bihar. In addition, 10 systems are under various stages of installation / commissioning. Off-grid power capacity from biomass gasifier in 10 rice mills and 12 other industries including bakeries for meeting captive demand of electricity and thermal applications have been added. A grid connected biomass gasifier based project of 1 MW capacity in Haryana has been installed for meeting the captive power needs of the industry.

RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR URBAN, INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS

1.42 During the year 2015-16, the physical achievement under the programme is 14.1 MWeq. and cumulative achievement in the sector is 265.4 MWeq. As part of the new initiatives the Government has amended the National Tariff Policy to make Distribution Licencees to 100% procure power produced from WTE plants.

1.43 A cumulative capacity of 601.87 MW has so far been commissioned mainly in the states of Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Punjab and Rajasthan.

1.44 CEA have notified norms for determination of Generic Tariff for MSW, RDF and Biogas based WTE projects along with Generic Tariff for FY 2015-16. As a part of new initiative of supporting Bio-CNG production, two MNRE supported projects for cumulative production of 9,538kg/day of Bio-CNG, got commissioned during the financial year FY 2015-16, in Ahmedabad, Gujarat and Delawas, Jaipur.

1.45 Under Development of Solar Cities Programme the Ministry assists Municipal Corporations and Urban Local Bodies in preparation of a Master Plan for increasing energy efficiency and renewable energy supply in the city. Sanction has been accorded during the year for developing three cities as Solar City. Under the programme 56 cities have been sanctioned of which master plan of 49 cities has been finalized. Four cities, namely Nagpur, Chandigarh, Mysore and Gandhinagar, are being developed as Model Solar Cities. In addition, 33 solar cities were included under the Smart City programme of Ministry of Urban Development. The proposal of 32 Campuses/Townships were sanctioned to develop as Green Campuses.

1.46 The Energy Efficient Solar/Green Buildings Programme for promoting GRIHA rating system continued under implementation. So far, cumulative sanctions to 97 government building projects have been registered for GRIHA certification-cum-rating. 210 Capacity building programmes were conducted for evaluators and trainers on GRIHA Ratings by various technical institutions. 970 GRIHA evaluators and trainers were developed under the programme.

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

1.47 The Research and Development efforts of the Ministry are directed towards technology development and demonstration, leading to commercialization, apart from strengthening the capacity of R&D/ Academic Institutions and Industry for taking up advanced research for technology development. The ultimate goal is to reduce the cost and improve efficiency in the near future. The prominent projects taken up include advanced research and demonstration of higher efficiency solar cells, solar thermal power generation, hydrogen energy storage and fuel cells development, development and deployment of improved biomass cook stoves, etc. Research & development activities have been taken up with national laboratories, universities, scientific & educational institutions & industry for improvements in the renewable energy systems and products. The focus is on improved efficiency, cost reduction and technology transfer and demonstration for their commercialization. A National Laboratory Policy for Renewable Energy Sector is under preparation.

RENEWABLE ENERGY IN NORTH EASTERN STATES

1.48 As per the directions of the Government of India, 10% of the annual budget of the Ministry is allocated for the promotion of renewable energy programmes & projects in the North-Eastern States of India including Sikkim. Special emphasis is accorded to the implementation of programmes such as remote village electrification, biogas, small hydro power, village energy security test projects & biomass gasifiers for meeting the lighting, cooking and other electrical needs of the far and remote villages and hamlets in the North-Eastern States including Sikkim.

TECHNICAL AND FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

1.49 During the year, National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE) continued to coordinate research & technology and other related work envisaged under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM).

1.50 The following activities have been initiated at NISE during 2015-16 (i) Up-gradation of SPV module test facility; (ii) Up-gradation of solar cell test facility; (iii) Expand of

battery test facility; (iv) Enlarge SPV water pumping test facility and other labs; (v) Up-gradation of Solar Thermal Labs; (vi) Establishment of IT cell; (vii) Renovation of work shop facility; (viii) Establishment of R&D monitoring cell; (ix) Setting up of 500 kW SPV power plantand (x) House the Secretariat of the International Solar Alliance, whose foundation stone was laid jointly by the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and French President François Hollande on 25th January 2016.

1.51 NISE has also taken up in a big way Skill Development Activities by conducting a number of Training programmes for trainers and other professionals. They have conducted 30 skill development programmes during the year. Another training programme is the Suryamitra Programme apart from the international training programmes regularly.

1.52 The National Institute for Wind Energy (erstwhile Centre for Wind Energy Technology) serves as the technical focal point for wind power development in India. During the year, 9 new wind monitoring stations were commissioned in various states. 125 sites have been registered for wind measurement by private sector from various states in India.

1.53 National Institute of Wind Energy (NIWE) continued a project to conduct a realistic assessment considering tangible land availability for wind farming for seven wind potential states namely Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Rajasthan at 100 m level facilitating validation of meso scale based results indicated in the Wind Atlas. 107 Wind monitoring stations are under operation. It is also conducting research on Offshore wind resource assessment. The Indian Wind Atlas was launched with realistic and practical assumptions and estimated the wind power potential at 100 m height.

1.54 The certification unit of NIWE has completed five type certification projects. The unit has also issued letters in connection with grid synchronization for three prototype wind turbine models.

1.55 Sardar Swaran Singh National Institute of Renewable Energy (SSS-NIRE), at Wadala Kalan, District Kapurthala (Punjab) is an autonomous Institution of the Ministry focused on biomass energy research and development. During the year, a state-of-the-art research facility for biodiesel, bio-ethanol, gasification, biogas, biomass cook stoves research & testing and for other areas in Bio-energy has been developed at the institution. The testing and certification centre for Cookstoves has begun its operation with testing of available cookstove models as per new BIS norms. In addition, research projects on: Process development for bioethanol production from agricultural residues and Biogas production and utilization of heat and power generation applications using potential alternative feedstocks continued. The project on hydro-cracking of non-edible vegetable oil was completed during the year.

1.56 The Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Ltd. (IREDA), a non-banking financial institution under the Ministry sanctioned loans to the tune of Rs.4864.14 crore and disbursed Rs.2315.29 crore against the annual target of Rs.6,150 crore and Rs.3,675 crore respectively. The loans were sanctioned for the establishment of about 1714 MW of installed capacity of power generation. The cumulative sanctions and disbursements as on 31st December 2015 were of the order of Rs.35,690.56 crore and Rs.19,254.61 crore respectively. During the 2015-16, IREDA has been awarded ‘Mini-Ratna Category-I’ CPSE status by the Government of India. Therefore, in terms of DPE guidelines, no equity is contributed by MRNE, GOI during April-December, 2015. As on date, paid up capital of IREDA is Rs.784.60 Crore against the authorized share capital of Rs.6000 crore. IREDA raised resources to the tune of Rs.710.07 crore from 1st April,

2015 to 31st December, 2015 from various external sources i.e. Kreditanstalt fur Wiederaufbau (KfW), Japan Cooperation Agency (JICA) & Agence Francaise De Developpement (AFD). IREDA has also raised Rs.284 crore from Tax Free Bonds (Series-xiv). Besides, Rs.1716 crore were also raised during the January, 2016 through public issue of Tax Free bonds of IREDA.

1.57 Solar Energy Corporation of India, was set up as a Section 25 of Companies Act, 1956, as a not for profit Company, under the administrative control of the Ministry to assist the Ministry functioned as the implementing and executing arm of the JNNSM for development, promotion and commercialization of solar energy technologies in the country. SECI has been set up with an Authorized Share Capital of Rs.2,000 crore and Rs.204 crore has been released by the Govt. of India as a budgetary support up to 31st December 2015. Under the 750 MW VGF scheme under JNNSM Phase II Batch I, 490 MW capacity has been commissioned across the country. Under the Solar Parks Scheme, 19 solar parks have been given administrative approval bringing the total to 33 parks across the country. Under the Grid Connected Rooftop Programme, an aggregate capacity of 62.25MWp capacity has been allocated out of which 22 MWp capacity is completed.

1.58 In addition, SECI is also involved with development and sale of low cost solar lanterns, development of mini/micro grid projects for rural electrification, installation of solar street lights under CSR activity.

INFORMATION AND PUBLIC AWARENESS

1.59 The Ministry continued its programme of Information and Public Awareness through a multi-agency approach namely, State Nodal Agencies, Directorate of Advertising & Visual Publicity, Doordarshan, All India Radio, Department of Posts, etc., using the electronic, print and outdoor media. The Ministry also had a Tableau presented during the Republic Day Parade on 26th January 2016. A new 52 episode TV programme has been launched from 21st February 2015 on DD National channel.

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

1.60 During the year 2015-16, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy took various initiatives for promoting cooperation with other countries in the field of renewable energy. Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) / Agreements / Letter of Intent (LoI) etc were signed and Bilateral / Multilateral Meetings / Joint Working Group Meetings were convened and participated by MNRE. The Ministry also gets support from various international / multinational funding agencies, like World Bank, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Asian Development Bank (ADB), and United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and Global Environment Facility (GEF), who are providing project based assistance for renewable energy programmes in India. Currently there are 46 Memoranda of Understanding with 35 countries, including new MoUs with France, Mongolia, USA, Mozambique, Belgium, Germany and Indonesia.

 

 

 

INTERNATIONAL SOLAR ALLIANCE (ISA)

Solar energy technologies have made significant progress and are now considered as a viable option for meeting energy needs in a sustainable manner. Countries lying fully or partially between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn are endowed with excellent solar irradiance and have more than 300 sunny days in a year. There is abundant sunlight available year-round which can lead to cost effective utilisation of solar energy for electricity and other end uses. There is a gap at present in the application of solar technologies primarily due to lack of systematic information about the on-ground requirements as well as scarce opportunities for technology development, capacity building and training of users of technologies and finally, a shortage of suitable financing arrangements to make new technologies affordable. A desire to ensure universal energy access, energy equity and affordability are issues common to the developing countries falling within the region.

At present there is no international body focussing on or addressing the specific needs of the 121 solar resource rich countries lying fully or partially between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. These include some developed countries namely, Australia, New Zealand, France, Japan, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States of America. Whereas Australia partially falls within the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn, other developed countries have islands in the identified region (List of countries at Box 1).

Hon’ble Prime Minister of India in a meeting held on 20 June 2014, suggested that India take steps for working together with Group of Nations with high solar insolation/potential for mutual cooperation in areas of solar energy policy, research and development (R&D) and applications in emerging solar R&D areas. The mandate was given to the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) to work for establishing the same in collaboration and consultation with the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA).

In view of the above background, International Solar Alliance (ISA) was envisioned as a specialized platform to contribute towards the common goal of increasing utilization and promotion of solar energy and solar applications in its member countries. MNRE in close collaboration with MEA initiated efforts to establish ISA. In this process wide range of consolations were held with the prospective member countries. On 14 May 2015 Hon'ble Minister, Power, Coal and New and Renewable Energy green flagged the location of ISA at the National Institute of Solar Energy, Gwalpahari, Gurgaon. On 30 July 2015 and 5 November 2015 Hon'ble Minister, Power, Coal and New & Renewable Energy addressed Ambassadors/ High Commissioners/ Heads of Mission of eligible ISA member countries in MEA where a non-paper on ISA detailing its aims, objective and programme of activities was presented. In order to apprise the prospective members, presentation on ISA was made in the 2nd Summit of the Forum for India-Pacific Islands Countries on 20 August 2015. Hon'ble Prime Minister of India invited African countries to support and join ISA in the third India-Africa Summit during 28-30 October 2015. On 4 November 2015, Secretary, MNRE chaired a meeting of bilateral and multilateral agencies and apprised them about the ISA. These agencies expressed support to the ISA initiative and the general view was that the ISA structure should be flexible to accommodate multi-faceted programmes and activities to accelerate solar energy development and deployment process in member countries.

These efforts led to ISA launch jointly by the Prime Minister of India and the President of France on 30 November 2015 at Paris, France on the side-lines of the 21st Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Representatives from around 70 countries including more than 30 Heads of State/Government, 500 high level representatives from government and international organizations, and 50 representatives from the industry

Hon'ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and Hon'ble President of France Mr. Francois Hollande, jointly laying the foundation stone of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) Headquarters and inaugurate the interim Secretariat of the ISA in National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE), Gwalpahari, Gurgaon

participated in the ISA launch ceremony. The Paris declaration on ISA announced in the launch ceremony states that the countries share the collective ambition to undertake innovative and concerted efforts for reducing the cost of finance and cost of technology for immediate deployment of competitive solar generation, financial instruments to mobilise more than 1000 Billion US Dollars of investments needed by 2030 for the massive deployment of affordable solar energy and to pave the way for future solar generation, storage and good technologies for countries’ individual needs (Paris Declaration on ISA at Box 2).

The first meeting of the International Steering Committee (ISC) of the ISA was held on
1 December 2015 at Paris, France followed by the 2nd ISC meeting on 18 January 2016 at Abu Dhabi, UAE. The ISC identified development of a focused road map for ISA and plan for involvement of national government, private sector, financing institutions and others in ISA activities and structure as important action points.

India offered to host ISA at the premises of NISE and has offered 5 acres land. Three floors of the Surya Bhawan of NISE has been offered for starting the interim Secretariat. India’s effort is to build an Iconic structure for ISA Secretariat. In addition, India has offered a contribution of Rs 100 crore (around US $15 million) for creating ISA corpus fund. In addition, Government of India has offered training support for ISA member countries at the National Institute of Solar Energy and also support to ISA member countries for demonstration projects for solar home lighting, solar pumps for farmers and for other solar applications. This will inspire other member countries such as France, Japan, Netherlands, United Kingdom and USA to take similar measures.

On 25 January 2016, Shri Narendra Modi, Hon’ble Prime Minister of India and Mr François Hollande, Hon’ble President of France jointly laid the foundation stone of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) Headquarters and inaugurated the interim Secretariat of the ISA in National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE), Gwalpahari, Gurgaon. Speaking on the occasion, Hon’ble Prime Minister of India stated that ISA is a Global and Independent Institution. As United Nations is headquartered in USA but it is of entire world, in the same way ISA’s Headquarter is heritage of entire world. It will run independently, and people from different part of the world will lead and take its responsibility. Today its Secretariat is being inaugurated which will develop ISA governance structure.

Shri Piyush Goyal, Hon'ble Minister of State (IC) for Coal, Power and New & Renewable Energy speaking at the function for the foundation stone of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) Headquarters and inauguration of Interim Secretariat of ISA at NISE, Gurgaon

The India-France Joint Statement issued on 25 January 2016 on the occasion of the State Visit of the Mr François Hollande, Hon’ble President of France observed the following.

“Translating their shared commitment to clean energy and combating climate change into practical action, President Hollande and Prime Minister Modi jointly launched the new International Solar Alliance (ISA) initiative in Paris on 30 November 2015 on the sidelines of the COP 21. To advance this initiative, the two leaders jointly laid the foundation stone of the building for Headquarters of International Solar Alliance (ISA) and inaugurated the interim Secretariat of the ISA in Gurgaon, India, on 25 January 2016. Reaffirming their commitment to enhance the use of solar energy globally, the leaders underlined the importance of deepening cooperation both bilaterally and under the aegis of ISA in joint research, development, financing and technology innovation as well as diffusion of clean energy and efficiency solutions that will help in promoting energy access in a clean, affordable and sustainable manner.

The two leaders welcomed the French commitment to support the solar projects launched by the member countries of ISA. To that effect, the AFD Group will provide funding amounting to 300 million Euros. This pledge is in line with the financing of 2 billion Euros for the development of renewable energies, announced by France during COP21”

An Interim Administrative Cell (IAC) has been set up in MNRE (Box 3). The IAC will facilitate establishment of ISA and its transformation from de facto to a legal inter-governmental body. In order to develop programme of activities of ISA, discussions have also been held with ISA countries resident diplomatic missions, United Nations, World Bank, Exim Banks, New Development Bank, United Nations Asia Pacific Centre for Technology Transfer, and also with the corporate sector. Further, ISA website has been created and information about ISA is available at www.intsolaralliance.org.

ISA will be a major international body headquartered in India. It will be a new beginning for accelerating development and deployment of solar energy for achieving universal energy access and energy security of the present and future generations.

BOX 1
Prospective ISA Member Countries

1. People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria 33. Commonwealth of Dominica
2. Antigua and Barbuda 34. Dominican Republic
3. Republic of Angola 35. Republic of Ecuador
4. Argentina Republic 36. Arab Republic of Egypt
5. Commonwealth of Australia 37. Republic of El Salvador
6. Commonwealth of Bahamas 38. Republic of Equatorial Guinea
7. Peoples Republic of Bangladesh 39. State of Eritrea
8. Barbados 40. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
9. Belize 41. Republic of Fiji
10. Republic of Benin 42. France
11 Pluri’ National State of Bolivia 43. Gabonese Republic
12 Republic of Botswana 44. Republic of The Gambia
13. Federal Republic of Brazil 45. Republic of Ghana
14. Nation of Brunei, Abode of Peace 46. Republic of Grenada
15. Burkina Faso 47. Republic of Guatemala
16. Republic of Burundi 48. Republic of Guinea
17. Kingdom of Cambodia 49. Republic of Guinea-Bissau
18. Republic of Cameroon 50. Republic of Guyana
19. Republic of Cape Verde 51. Republic of Haiti
20. Central African Republic 52. Republic of Honduras
21. Republic of Chad 53. Republic of India
22. Republic of Chile 54. Republic of Indonesia
23. People’s Republic of China 55. Jamaica
24. Republic of Colombia 56. Japan
25. Union of Comoros 57. Republic of Kenya
26. Congo – Democratic Republic of 58. Republic of Kiribati
27. Congo - Republic of 59. Laos People’s Democratic Republic
28. New Zealand 60. Republic of Liberia
29. Republic of Costa Rica 61. Libya
30. Republic of Cote d’ivoire 62. Republic of Madagascar
31. Republic of Cuba 63. Republic of Malawi
32. Republic of Djibouti 64. Federation of Malaysia

65. Republic of Maldives 93. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
66. Republic of Mali 94. Republic of Senegal
67. Republic of Marshall Islands 95. Republic of Seychelles
68. Islamic Republic of Mauritania 96. Republic of Sierra Leone
69. Republic of Mauritius 97. Republic of Singapore
70. United Mexican State 98. Solomon Islands
71. Federated States of Micronesia 99. Federal Republic of Somalia
72. Republic of Mozambique 100. Republic of South Africa
73. Republic of Myanmar 101. Republic of South Sudan
74. Republic of Namibia 102. Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
75. Republic of Nauru 103. Republic of Sudan
76. The Netherlands 104. Republic of Suriname
77. Republic of Nicaragua 105. United Republic of Tanzania
78. Republic of Niger 106. Kingdom of Thailand
79. Federal Republic of Nigeria 107. Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
80. Sultanate of Oman 108. Togolese Republic
81. Republic of Palau 109. Kingdom of Tonga
82. Republic of Panama 110. Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
83. Independent State of Papua New Guinea 111. Tuvalu
84. Republic of Paraguay 112. Republic of Uganda
85. Republic of Peru 113. United Arab Emirates
86. Republic of Philippines 114. United Kingdom
87. Republic of Rwanda 115. United States of America
88. St. Lucia 116. Republic of Vanuatu
89. Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis 117. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
90. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 118. Socialist Republic of Vietnam
91. Independent State of Samoa 119. Republic of Yemen
92. Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe 120. Republic of Zambia
    121. Republic of Zimbabwe

BOX 2

Declaration on the occasion to launch the International Solar Alliance of countries dedicated to the promotion of solar energy

Recognizing that sustainable development, universal energy access, and energy security are critical to the shared prosperity and future of our planet, and acknowledging that clean and renewable energy needs to be made affordable for all, we do hereby declare our intention to support India’s proposal to launch an international solar alliance as a common platform for cooperation among solar resource rich countries lying fully or partially between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.

United by a shared vision to bring clean, affordable and renewable energy within the reach of all, we affirm our intention to join the international solar alliance as founding members to ensure the promotion of green, clean and sustainable energy, and to draw on the beneficence of the Sun in this endeavour.

We share the collective ambition to undertake innovative and concerted efforts with a view to reducing the cost of finance and cost of technology for immediate deployment of competitive solar generation assets in all our countries and to pave the way for future solar generation, storage and good technologies adapted to our countries’ individual needs.

United by our objective to significantly augment solar power generation in our countries, we intend making joint efforts through innovative policies, projects, programmes, capacity building measures and financial instruments to mobilize more than 1000 Billion US Dollars of investments that are needed by 2030 for the massive deployment of affordable solar energy. We recognize that the reduced cost of finance would enable us to undertake more ambitious solar energy programmes to bring development and prosperity for our people.

We intend working together towards the development of appropriate benchmarks, facilitating resource assessments, supporting research and development and demonstration facilities, with a view to encouraging innovative and affordable applications of solar technologies.

Desirous of establishing an international alliance of countries dedicated to the promotion of solar energy as an effective mechanism of cooperation, we agree to create an International Steering Committee, open to interested countries, to provide the necessary guidance, direction and advice to establish the international solar alliance.

Monday, 30th November 2015

BOX 3

1/1/2015-EFM
Government of India
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

Block 14 CGO Complex,
Lodhi Road New Delhi-110003
29 January 2016

Office Memorandum

Subject: Constitution of Interim Administrative Cell (IAC ) of International Solar Alliance (ISA) to facilitate establishment of ISA from de facto to de jure status – reg.

The International Solar Alliance (of countries lying fully or partially between Tropic of Cancer & Tropic of Capricorn) has been launched on 30 November 2015. The Paris declaration of ISA states that the countries share the collective ambition to undertake innovative and concerted efforts with a view to reducing the cost of finance and cost of technology for immediate deployment of competitive solar generation assets and to pave the way for future solar generation, storage and good technologies adapted to our countries’ individual needs. It also seeks to make joint efforts through innovative policies, projects, programmes, capacity building measures and financial instruments to mobilize more than US $1000 Billion of investments that are needed by 2030 for the massive deployment of affordable solar energy. India is hosting ISA Secretariat.

  1. Hence, in the first International Steering Committee meeting of ISA, held in Paris on 1 December 2015, reference to ISA cell in the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has been made. Accordingly, it has been decided to constitute an Interim Administrative Cell (IAC) of ISA in MNRE. The overarching objective of IAC Cell will be to facilitate establishment of ISA and its de facto to de jure transformation, pending the creation, constitution and full-scale functioning of ISA in the prescribed manner, as suggested by the Legal & Treaties Division of the Ministry of External Affairs.
  2. IAC will be set up in MNRE. The interim management of the ISA will be done by IAC. The composition of the IAC is as under:-
1.
Secretary, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Chairman
2.
Secretary (M & ER), Ministry of External Affairs or nominee Member
3.
Joint Secretary, Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance or Nominee Member
4.
Joint Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change or Nominee Member
5.
Joint Secretary (Solar), MNRE, Member
6.
Joint Secretary (Wind), MNRE, Member
7.
Joint Secretary & Financial Adviser, MNRE, Member

8.
Economic Adviser, MNRE, Member
9.
Director (IR), MNRE, Member
10.
Deputy Secretary (Finance), MNRE, Member,
11.
Dr N. P. Singh, Sr. Consultant, MNRE, Member
12.
Managing Director, Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI), Member
13.
Director General, National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE), Member
14.
Director General, National Institute of Wind Energy (NIWE), Member
15.
Director General, National Institute of Bio Energy (NIBE), Member
16.
Chairman & Managing Director, IREDA, Member
17.
Dr. P. C. Maithani, Director, MNRE Member -Convener

4. The Terms of References of the IAC will be as under:-

  1. Facilitate creation and functioning of ISA and developing of ISA’s objectives;
  2. Render advice on administering the finance received, including recommending on the mode and manner of raising money through grants, pledges and support, and recommending on the mode and manner of expenditure therefrom;
  3. Render advice on securing co-operation and coordination with agencies, collaborators and partners in furtherance of objects of ISA;
  4. Render advice in connection with arrangement/agreement with Governments and other authorities/bodies including setting up meetings with Embassies/ Consulates of Governments and other agencies as advised by the International Steering Committee;
  5. Advise National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE) on ISA related matters, including preparation of interim Secretariat in Surya Bhawan;
  6. Explore co-operation with local embassies, UN Agencies and other Associations to promote ISA objectives;
  7. Assist MNRE to conduct International Steering Committee (ISC) meetings, organise Founding Conference in coordination with ISC and prospective member countries, and Plan road map for five years, with annual break up;
  8. Develop an interim logo, letter pads for correspondence etc.;
  9. Any other action necessary & incidental in the interest of ISA, with due consultation with ISC; and subject to ratification by Internal Steering Committee (ISC) of ISA; and
  10. Liaison with national & international bodies & organizations as well as put sector to develop partnerships in implementing road maps.

5. The cell will cease to exist, once ISA comes legally into force after the ISA founding conference in July 2016 and ratification by 25 countries.

6. Account of IAC will be maintained by the National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE). A separate account will be opened in NISE and audited for the purpose, until a durable mechanism to outsource administrative and financial activities is worked out as per UN procedure.

7. The Cell will meet as often as required. It may hold its meetings at New Delhi or at any other location as decided by the Chairman.

  1. The Cell will be serviced by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy. All actions to be taken by the cell will be subject to approval by International Steering Committee of ISA
  2. This issues with the approval of Hon’ble Minister for Power, Coal and New and Renewable Energy

(P.C. Maithani)
Director

To
All Members of the Interim Administrative Cell
Copy to:

  1. Shri Jawed Ashraf, Joint Secretary, Prime Minister's Office, South Block, New Delhi-110011
  2. Shri Alok V. Chaturvedi, Joint Secretary, Cabinet Secretariat, Rashtrapati Bhawan, New Delhi 110004
  3. Shri Soumen Bagchi, Joint Secretary (Energy Security), Ministry of External Affairs, Jawaharlal Nehru Bhawan,23-D, Janpath, New Delhi - 110011
  4. Shri Santosh D. Vaidya, Director, Prime Minister's Office, South Block, New Delhi-110011

Copy also to:

  1. PSO to Secretary, MNRE
  2. All Group Heads, MNRE

 

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and Off - Grid Renewable Power
4. National Solar Mission 5. Renewable Energy for Rural Applications 6. Renewable Energy for Urban, Industrial and Commercial Application 7. Research, Design, Development and Demonstration in New and Renewable Energy 8. Renewable Energy in North Eastern States 9. Specialized Institutions 10. Support Programmes 11. International Renewable Energy Co-operation 12. Promotion of Official Language - Hindi I Annexure - I : Staff Strength I Annexure - II : Audit Paras