What is ISA?


The International Solar Alliance (ISA) is a treaty based inter-governmental organization working to create a global market system to tap the benefits of solar power and promote clean energy applications. With 75 signatory countries in this global collective, the ISA creates a multi-stakeholder ecosystem where sovereign nations, multilateral organizations, industry, policymakers and innovators work in together to promote the common and shared goal of meeting energy demands of a secure & sustainable world.

The Paris Declaration that established the ISA states that the countries share the collective ambition to undertake innovative and concerted efforts to reduce the cost of finance and technology for deployment of solar generation assets. The ISA aims to pave the way for future solar generation, storage and technologies for Member countries’ needs by mobilising over USD 1000 billion by 2030. Achievement of ISA’s objectives will also strengthen the climate action in member countries, helping them fulfil the commitments expressed in their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).


Parties hereby establish an International Solar Alliance (hereinafter referred to as the ISA), through which they will collectively address key common challenges to the scaling up of solar energy in line with their needs.

ISA’s vision to enable One World, One Sun, One Grid


The ISA plays a four-fold role in establishing a global solar market: it is an accelerator, an enabler, an incubator, and a facilitator.


Accelerator: Demand aggregation


Incubator: Common Risk Mitigation Mechanism (CRMM)

Facilitator: Project Preparation support / Investments

What does each role mean?

§  ISA helps to aggregate and harmonise demand, risk and resources, across member countries, thus creating a large ‘buyers’ market’, with the objective of lowering costs for members, and catalysing innovation and investments

§  De-risks potential solar energy investments through several initiatives

§  Addresses barriers and solutions to unlock and foster deployment of solar energy in ISA resource-rich countries

§  The International Solar Alliance assists member countries in finding suitable bilateral or multilateral funding


§  ISA does not explicitly provide funds or technology; it helps create conditions that make funding, developing and deploying solar applications on a large scale possible

§  ISA is an international body that puts the spotlight on ideas, advances, and technologies from across the world

§  ISA has one clear aim: affordable energy for all

Soruce - ET 


ISA’s two key enabling programs:

i- STAR - C

i-STAR-C seeks to:

§  Build a network of training /R&D / Standardisation/ Technical STAR- centres working on solar energy

§  Conduct online and in personnel training programs for solar energy stakeholders

§  Provide testing and technical certification capabilities to key STAR centres Offer ISA Solar Fellowship for mid-career professionals

§  Facilitates commissioning of studies to define and structure Common Risk Mitigation Mechanism (CRMM) for solar power generation projects in solar rich countries


§  The objective of CRMM is de-risking and reducing the financial cost of solar projects in ISA-member countries.


§  CRMM will act as a pooled insurance with limited liability. Banks and multi-lateral institutions can contribute to the fund for a marginal premium. This will lower the cost of capital for developing renewable energy projects. Singh said India is taking a lead role for setting up the ISA and its institutions

§  Facilitate stakeholder consultations, workshops and forums for member countries to foster enabling environments for solar energy projects


§  The ISA supports Member Countries with procurement processes and with aggregating

technologies so that the cost of procurement and terms and conditions of procurement are friendly.


§  Capacity Building: The ISA also facilitates capacity building of local technicians, entrepreneurs etc. to promote local entrepreneurship and local assembly of solar equipment.


Guiding Principles

1.    Members will take coordinated actions through Programmes and activities launched on a voluntary basis, aimed at better harmonising and aggregating demand for, inter alia, solar finance, solar technologies, innovation, research and development, and capacity building.

2.    In this endeavour, members will cooperate closely and strive for establishing mutually beneficial relationships with relevant organisations, public and private stakeholders, and with non-member countries.

3.    Each member to share and update, for those solar applications for which it seeks the benefits of collective action under the ISA, and based on a common analytical mapping of solar applications, relevant information regarding its needs and objectives; domestic measures and initiatives are taken or intended to be taken in order to achieve these objectives; obstacles along the value chain and dissemination process. The Secretariat will maintain a database of these assessments in order to highlight the potential for cooperation.

4.    Each member will designate a National Focal Point for the ISA. National Focal Points constitute a permanent network of correspondents of             the ISA in member countries. They, inter-alia, interact with one another and also with relevant stakeholders to identify areas of common interest, design programme proposals, and make recommendations to the Secretariat regarding the implementation of the objectives of the ISA.

Programme and Other Activities

1.    A Programme of the ISA consists of a set of actions, projects and activities to be taken in a coordinated manner by members, with the assistance of the Secretariat, in furtherance of the objective and guiding principles described in the article I and II. Programmes are designed to ensure maximum scale effect and participation of the largest possible number of members. They include simple, measurable, mobilising targets.


2.    Programme proposals are designed through open consultations among all National Focal Points, with the assistance of the Secretariat, and based on information shared by members. A programme can be proposed by any two members or group of members, or by the Secretariat. The Secretariat ensures coherence among all ISA Programmes.


3.    Programme proposals are circulated by the Secretariat to the Assembly by digital circulation, through the network of National Focal Points. A programme proposal is deemed open to adhesion by members willing to join if it is supported by at least two Members and if objections are not raised by more than two countries.


4.    A Programme proposal is formally endorsed by Members willing to join, through a joint declaration. All decisions regarding the implementation of the Programme are taken by members participating in the Programme. They are carried out, with the guidance and assistance of the Secretariat, by country Representatives, designated by each member.


5.    The annual work plan gives an overview of the programmes, and other activities of the ISA. It is presented by the Secretariat to the Assembly, which ensures that all programmes and activities of the annual work plan are within the overall objective of the ISA.


ISA Programmes :

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