Brief on Green Hydrogen
India has announced a target of energy independence by 2047 and a net-zero by 2070. Green Hydrogen is expected to play a substantial role towards achieving these goals. Green Hydrogen, is produced by the process of electrolysis, where water is split into hydrogen and oxygen using electricity generated from renewable sources like solar, wind, or hydropower. This process results in a clean and emission-free fuel that has immense potential to replace fossil fuels and reduce carbon emissions. Another method of producing Green Hydrogen is from biomass, which involves the gasification of biomass to produce hydrogen. Both these production methods are clean and sustainable, making Green Hydrogen an attractive option for the transition to a low-carbon future.
The need for Green Hydrogen is rapidly increasing due to its potential to decarbonize several sectors, including transportation, shipping, and steel among others. Green hydrogen can replace traditional fossil fuels in transportation, which contributes significantly to greenhouse gas emissions. It can also be used in industry for the production of ammonia, methanol, and steel, which are currently heavily reliant on fossil fuels. Additionally, Green Hydrogen can be used as a backup energy source for renewable energy plants, providing a constant and reliable source of energy.
Green hydrogen has numerous applications and can be used in fuel cells to power vehicles and provide electricity. It can also be used in heating systems and in the production of chemicals and fertilizers. Hydrogen fuel cells have a high energy density and are more efficient than traditional combustion engines, making them an attractive option for powering vehicles. Furthermore, Green Hydrogen can be used in microgrids, providing electricity to remote areas and enabling energy independence.
The importance of Green Hydrogen in achieving energy independence for India cannot be overstated. The production of Green Hydrogen using renewable energy sources like solar, wind, and hydropower can provide energy security, reducing dependence on fossil fuels and ensuring a stable and reliable source of energy. Green hydrogen can also be produced locally, reducing the need for costly and environmentally damaging imports. Furthermore, Green Hydrogen produced using waste biomass provides an additional revenue stream for farmers and local communities. Hence, India has launched the National Green Hydrogen Mission with an outlay of Rs. 19,744 crores with a target of 5MMT production capacity of Green Hydrogen per annum.
In conclusion, Green Hydrogen has enormous potential to decarbonize several sectors, reduce carbon emissions and achieve energy independence. The production of Green Hydrogen using renewable energy sources like solar, wind, and hydropower is sustainable and environmentally friendly, making it an attractive option for the transition to a low-carbon future. Green hydrogen can replace traditional fossil fuels in transportation and industry, providing a constant and reliable source of energy. Its importance in energy independence cannot be overstated, as it can reduce dependence on fossil fuels and provide a stable and reliable source of energy.
To encourage government has launched “National Green Hydrogen Mission” on 04 January 2023.