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RENEWABLE ENERGY
_______FOR RURAL APPLICATIONS
4

INTRODUCTION

4.1  Various renewable energy programmes for promotion of biogas plants, solar thermal systems, photovoltaic devices, biomass gasifiers, etc. as well as the Integrated Rural Energy Programme have been implemented. A few new programmes such as the Remote Village Electrification, Village Energy Security Test Projects and biogas power generation were introduced during the 10th Plan. Most programmes have undergone modifications in keeping with feedback received apart from developments in various technologies and operating conditions that have taken place over the years. However, affordability continues to remain the main barrier in rural areas and most renewable systems/devices require appropriate support levels for their promotion.

INTEGRATED RURAL ENERGY PROGRAMME (IREP)

4.2  The modified IREP scheme which has been implemented since 2003-04 has covered 323 districts so far, including 25 new districts being covered during the year. Activities undertaken under IREP include: creation of data base of beneficiaries, deployment of



Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Renewable Energy, Amrol, District Anand, Gujarat established under IREP

systems/devices; rectification of agricultural pump sets and agro-processing equipment for improving efficiency; training and extension work among rural beneficiaries, artisans and field staff.

4.3  Central Financial Assistance has been provided to the five Regional IREP Training Centres located at Bakauli (Delhi), Chinhat (Lucknow), Jakkur (Bangalore), Amrol (Anand) and Shillong for organising training programmes, up-gradation of facilities, undertaking R&D activities and demonstration projects.

4.4  Since this extension programme has attained its objectives, its activities that were found relevant for continuation have been incorporated in rural programmes for the 11th Plan.

REMOTE VILLAGE ELECTRIFICATION (RVE) PROGRAMME

4.5  The Village Electrification Programme (VEP) was introduced in 2001-02 for provision of SPV home-lighting systems in rural households. In 2003-04, VEP was modified to the Remote Village Electrification (RVE) programme for electrification of those un-electrified remote census villages/hamlets, where grid connectivity was not likely to reach by 2012, i.e., end of the 11th Plan period. During 2005-06, the National Electricity Policy - 2005 and the Rajiv Gandhi Gramin Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY), both of which had a significant impact on rural electrification programmes including the Remote Village Electrification Programme, were announced. RGGVY aims to provide electricity access to all households, except some which are in remote villages/hamlets. The Remote Village Electrification Programme was thus suitably modified to align it with RGGVY and would now be extended only to those villages/hamlets not likely to receive grid-connectivity under the said Yojana. During 2006-07, the Rural Electrification Policy, which has laid down
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Introduction l Overview l Grid-Interactive and Off-Grid Renewable Power l Renewable Energy for Rural Applications l Renewable Energy for Urban, Industrial and Commercial Applications l Research, Design & Development in New and Renewable Energy l Renewable Energy Programmes in North Eastern Region l Support Programmes l Annexure I l Annexure II l Glimpses