RD&D Thrust areas & Major activities for 11th Plan
It is proposed to take up focused RD&D projects in the area of bio-energy resource identification and biomass conversion to energy through combustion, pyrolysation, atmospheric and high pressure gasification, plasma,bio-methanation and Biogas.
(i) Bio-energy Resource
Resource Atlas for Bio-energy covering crop residues, forest residues, MSW, industrial wastes etc.
(ii) Biomass Conversion
a) Development of MW-scale fluidized bed biomass gasifiers, hot gas clean up system and optimum integration of the system following the principles of Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC).
b) Development of poly-generation facilities for the production of liquid fuels, variety of chemicals and hydrogen in addition to power production through IGCC route and establishing the concept of a Bio-refinery.
c) Raising efficiency of atmospheric gasification to 25-30% along with cooling systems, complete tar decomposition and safe disposal of wastes in commercial production.
d) Raising system efficiency of small (upto 1 MW) combustion and turbine technologies to 20% plus.
e) Design and Development of high rate anaerobic co-digestion systems for biogas/ synthetic gas production.
f) Development of gasifier systems based on charcoal / pyrolysed biomass.
g) Design and development of systems for their coupling with Stirling engine and turbines.
h) Development of efficient kilns/ systems for charcoal production/ pyrolysation of biomass
i) Laying down standards for various bio-energy components, products and systems.
(iii) Bio-energy Utilization
a) Design and development of engines, Stirling engine and micro-turbine for biogas/ producer gas/ bio-syngas.
b) Design and development of direct gas fired absorptive chillers, driers, stoves, etc., and improvement in biomass furnaces, boilers etc.
c) Improved design and development of processes/ de-watering device for drying of digested slurry.
d) Improving/ upgrading biogas and syngas quality.
e) Improved design and development of Pelletisation/ Briquetting technology for RDF.
f) Development of driers for MSW and industrial wastes.
g) Design and development of equipment for waste segregation.
a) Develop technology for production of ethanol from sweet sorghum and sugar beet.
b) Developed technology for production of ethanol from ligno-cellulosic materials such as rice straw and other agricultural and forestry residues.
c) Study petrol engine performance using more than 10% blend of ethanol with petrol and undertaking engine modifications including emission studies with different levels of ethanol blend with petrol.
d) Study physico-chemical properties of all potential non-edible oils for production of bio-diesel for application in transport, stationary and other applications.
e) Developing efficient chemical/catalyst conversion processes.
f) Development of bio-catalyst and heterogeneous catalyst for production of bio-diesel.
g) Alternate use of bio products.
h) Data generation and production of bio-diesel from all possible feed-stocks.
i) Response of different available additives and their dosages on the bio-diesel.
j) Effect of bio-diesel on corrosion.
k) Stability of bio-diesel.
l) Engine performance and emissions based on different feed-stock based bio-diesels.
m) Toxicological studies and test to check adulteration.
n) Engine modifications for using more than 20% bio-diesel as blend with diesel.
o) Design and development bio-liquid fuel engines for stationery, portable and transport applications.
p) Development of second-generation bio-liquid fuels and related applications.
q) Response of different available additives and their dosages on the bio-diesel.
i) Studies in the field of micro-biology, bio-chemistry and engineering for increasing the biogas yield by at least a factor of two, especially at low and high temperatures;
ii) Reduction in the capital cost of biogas plants; development of materials and techniques, which are amenable for local level fabrication to reduce the time of installation;
iii) Diversification of feed stocks to utilise alternate biomass wastes along with cattle dung for setting up household biogas plants;
iv) Methods for sustaining biogas production during winter months;
v) Value added products using biogas slurry manure;
vi) Development of biogas micro turbines and engines;
vii) Cleaning and bottling of biogas for ease of transportation and usages;
viii) Local power grids compatible with dual fuel engines and gas engines/turbines;
ix) Corrosion resistant paints and sealants for biogas plant components;
x) Portable biogas lantern;
xi) Incorporation of advanced bio-reactor techniques in institutional biogas plants based on cattle dung for improving efficiency;
xii) Removal of hydrogen sulphide from biogas produced in Night soil based biogas plants;
xiii) Additional treatment methods for effluent from Night soil based biogas plants;
xiv) Field trials, demonstration of new models and products, preparation of standards specifications on design and appliances.
xv) On-site waste water treatment for small and medium communities (500-5000 peoples).