Hydrogen Energy

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Hydrogen is a clean fuel and an energy carrier that can be used for a broad range of applications as a possible substitute to liquid and fossil fuels. The Ministry has supported research, development and demonstration projects on various aspects of hydrogen energy including its production, storage and use as a fuel for generation of mechanical/thermal/electrical energy. The application of hydrogen in fuel cells for power generation has been demonstrated as a result of initiatives taken by this Ministry. Hydrogen fuelled small power generating sets, two wheeler (motor cycles), three wheeler and catalytic combustion systems for residential and industrial sectors and fuel cell buses have also been developed and demonstrated.

Biological Hydrogen Production Plant set up by MCRC, Chennai

                             
H-CNG Dispensing Station set at Faridabad in Haryana and Dwarka in New Delhi

    

Hydrogen fuelled 3-wheeler developed jointly by IIT Delhi and Mahindra & Mahindra

Vacuum Induction Melting Furnace at BHU, Varanasi

 

Hydrogen fuelled energy-generator set developed by IIT Delhi

 

Use of Hydrogen in a telecom tower for providing back up power

Objectives:

  • Study & evaluate the feasibility of production of hydrogen by various processes/technologies, especially based on renewable energy methods.
  • Development of materials/processes/sub-systems/systems for storage of hydrogen.
  • Support projects on utilization of hydrogen as a fuel for stationary, automobile and portable applications.
  • Support projects for development of hydrogen infrastructure in public-private participation made for production, storage and applications of hydrogen, including safety, standards and codes, capacity building & public awareness.
  • Support demonstration projects relating to production, storage and applications of hydrogen.

Activities:

  • Research in materials/processes/pilot plant for production, storage and use of hydrogen as a fuel.
  • Development and demonstration of applications of hydrogen for power generation and transport sector.
  • Training/ manpower development.

Ongoing Projects:

  • Support to the existing Hydrogen Energy Centre at BHU, Varanasi (BHU, Varanasi).
  • A Novel process for production of hydrogen from renewable and fossil fuel based liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons by non-thermal plasma reformation technique (CIMFR, Dhanbad).
  • Development and Demonstration of hydrogen fuelled threes wheelers (BHU, Varanasi).
  • Hydrogen and Liquid Fuels from Biomass Gasification (IISc, Bangalore).
  • Development and Demonstration of Diesel Hydrogen Dual Fuel SUV (Mahindra & Mahindra, Chengalpattu).
  • Mission Mode Project on Hydrogen Production through Biological Routes (IIT Kharagpur).
  • Mission Mode Project on Hydrogen Storage Materials (Hydrides): R&D (BHU, Varanasi).
  • Mission Mode Project on Hydrogen Storage in Carbon Materials (IIT Madras, Chennai).
  • Mission Mode Project on Development and Demonstration of hydrogen fuelled internal combustion engines for vehicles (IIT Delhi).
  • Performance enhancement, evaluation and analysis of an IDI diesel engine using straight (SVO) with hydrogen supplementation (UPES, Dehradun).
  • Development of semiconductor nano-composites for photo-catalytic water splitting into H2 and O2 under solar light irradiation (IICT, Hyderabad and Yogi Vemana University, Kadapa).
  • Establishment & demonstration of hydrogen production and utilisation facility through photovoltaic-electrolyser system at Solar Energy Centre, Gwalpahari (UPES, New Delhi)
  • Generation of Hydrogen from biomass derived glycerol (Phase-II) (IICT, Hyderabad)
  • Development of prototype photo-reactor for hydrogen production from hydrogen sulphide under natural sunlight (C-MET, Pune)
  • Investigation on bio-hydrogen production by thermo-chemical method in fluidized bed gasifier under catalytic support and its utilisation (NIT, Calicut)
  • Bio-inspired catalysts for the reversible conversion H+ + e- → ½ H2 (IACS, Kolkata)
  • Development of hydrogen refuelling facility for demonstration of fuel cell vehicles (R&D Centre, IOCL, Faridabad)
  • Design & application of carbon based hetero atom modified nano-porous materials for hydrogen storage (IIT Guwahati)
  • Development of efficient hydrogen supply system through liquid organic hydrides (National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur)
  • Experimental investigations on combustion characteristics and emission reduction of laser fired hydrogen engine (IIT Kanpur)
  • Development & demonstration of hydrogen fuelled multi-cylinder spark ignition engine generator set for stationary power generation (IIT Delhi)
  • Demonstration and field trials of hydrogen fuelled three wheelers in New Delhi (IIT Delhi)

Achievements: 

  • National Hydrogen Energy Road Map has been prepared for developing National Hydrogen Energy Programme. (Abridged Version of National Hydrogen Energy Road Map).
  • National Hydrogen Energy Road Map has projected that one million hydrogen fuelled vehicles would on the Indian roads and 1000 MW aggregate hydrogen based power generating capacity be set up in the country, both by 2020
  • National Hydrogen Energy Programme envisages to be implemented in Public-Private partnership mode.
  • Environmentally benign processes/technologies for the production of hydrogen developed and demonstrated.
  • Materials/alloys/methods developed for storage of hydrogen as metal hydrides.
  • Hydrogen based two-wheeler (motor cycle), three wheeler, catalytic combustion systems, fuel cell power systems, etc developed and demonstrated.
  • Hydrogen – Compressed Natural Gas (H-CNG) dispensing station set up in New Delhi.
  • Laboratory scale prototypes have been developed and demonstrated and these include bio-hydrogen production using distillery wastes; proton exchange membrane based electrolysers for hydrogen production through splitting of water and water methanol mixture; methanol reformer for production of hydrogen; hydrogen catalytic combustion cookers; hydrogen fuelled internal combustion engines for stationary power generation; etc.

Thrust Areas:

  • Research on materials, process technology development and improvement in performance of products/systems relating to different aspects of hydrogen energy.
  • Production and demonstration of hydrogen by environmentally benign methods preferably using renewable energy methods.
  • Development and demonstration of applications of hydrogen as a fuel.
  • Creation/expansion of infrastructure for hydrogen as an energy carrier in the Public Private Partnership mode.
  • Development of dedicated hydrogen energy engine for automotive and decentralised power generation.
  • Setting up of hydrogen dispensing stations for use of hydrogen as fuel in automotive vehicles.
  • Use of hydrogen - CNG blend as fuel in automobiles.

Potential Applications:

  • Production of electricity, heat and water for various end uses
  • Industrial applications
  • Vehicular transportation
  • Residential applications
  • Commercial applications, including in telecom towers for providing back-up power

Organizations working in hydrogen energy area: Hydrogen Production

  •  Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi
  • Chlor Alkali/Fertiliser/Chemical Units/Refineries (producing and using hydrogen as a chemical feedstock / Captive Consumption)
  • Indian Institutes of Technology, Kharagpur
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTU), Hyderabad.
  • Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), Hyderabad.
  • R&D Centre, Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. (IOCL), Faridabad
  • Centre for Materials for Electronic Technology (C-MET), Pune.
  • Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research (CIMFR), Dhanbad.
  • Centre for Alternate Energy Research, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), New Delhi.
  • Institute of minerals and Materials Technology (IMMT), Bhubaneshwar
  • Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad.
  • Electrical Research and Development Association, Vadodara.
  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore.
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT), Rourkela.
  • National Institute of Technology, Calicut, Kozhikode
  • Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata

Hydrogen Storage

  •  Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varansi
  •  Indian Institutes of Technology, Chennai/Guwahati.
  •  National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), Nagpur
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT), Tiruchirapalli
  • International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI), Hyderabad
  • Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai
  • Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai
  • Non-Ferrous Materials Technology Development Centre (NFTDC), Hyderabad

Applications of Hydrogen

  •  Indian Institutes of Technology, Delhi/Chennai/Kanpur
  •  Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL), Hyderabad
  • R&D Centre, Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. (IOCL), Faridabad
  • Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM), New Delhi.
  • Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varansi
  • Mahindra & Mahindra, Chengalpattu
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
  • Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar
  • Electrical Research and Development Association, Vadodara
  • University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), Dehradun

Other Areas

  •  University of Rajasthan, Jaipur

 

Hydrogen-Diesel dual fuel vehical developed by Mahindra & Mahindra