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RENEWABLE ENERGY
IN NORTH EASTERN REGION STATES

8.1 Special attention is being given to the development of the eight States in the North Eastern Region of the country through a separate budget allocation under various renewable energy programmes. Accordingly, the Ministry has allocated 10 per cent of the budgetary support for the deployment of biogas plants, solar thermal systems, solar photovoltaic systems, remote village electrification, small hydro projects, wind energy systems and energy parks. Against the allocation of Rs.24.65 crore from Gross Budgetary Support towards NE Region at RE stage, an amount of Rs.7.58 crore was released during the year upto 31.12.2015.

BIOGAS PROGRAMME

8.2 The National Biogas and Manure Management Programme (NBMMP) is being also implemented in the North Eastern Region States through State Government Nodal Departments / State Nodal Agencies. The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), Mumbai was also given separate targets implementing the programme in the States of Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura and Sikkim. The State-wise family type biogas plants installed in the NE Region during the year is given in Table: 8.1. A Biogas Development and Training Centre for all the NER States for providing training and technical support under the NBMM Programme is functioning at Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati, Assam.

Table 8.1: Family Type Biogas Plants installed in North Eastern Region States under NBMMP

Sl. No.
Name of State
Plants installed upto 31.12.2015
1
Assam
5380
2
Meghalaya
0
3
Mizoram
270
4
Nagaland
0
5
Sikkim
130
6
Tripura
120
7
Arunachal Pradesh
0
Two 3 cum Deenbandhu Biogas plants installed at village- Panikhet, Dist.-Kamrup (Assam)

SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC PROGRAMME

8.3 During 2015-16, the Ministry sanctioned aggregate 150 kWp Solar power plants at villages in Vijaynagar Circle, Changlong district of Arunachal Pradesh. 4000 & 5880 Solar Street Lights were installed at various locations in the States of Meghalaya and Nagaland respectively. The Ministry also sanctioned 40 Solar Power plants at Community Health Centres and two power plants at Sub divisional Hospitals were sanctioned to the State of Tripura. Another 100 kWp was sanctioned to NIT, Manipur.

8.4 Some of the highlights of the completed projects during 2015-16 are given below-

  • During 2014-15, 295 and 376 SPV power Plant with 1 kWp capcity each were installed at Common Service Centres in the States of Mizoram and Manipur respectively.
  • 50 kWp power plant at Assam Rifle Battalions premises has been installed in the State of Nagaland.
  • During the year, 1000 & 4200 Solar Street lights were installed in different locations of Mizoram & Nagaland respectively.

Wind Resource Assessment Programme

8.5 The Wind Resource Assessment (WRA) Programme is an ongoing activity and is being coordinated by the National Institute of Wind Energy (NIWE), Chennai

50 m wind monitoring station at Rombagre, West Garo Hills district, Meghalaya

(erstwhile Centre for Wind Energy Technology (C-WET)) in association with State Nodal Agencies. So far, 52 Wind monitoring stations have been established in North Eastern region at 20 m, 25 m & 50 m level to carry out Wind Resource Assessment. During the year 2015-16, four 50 m level wind monitoring stations were commissioned in NE region.

8.6 With the objective to assess the realistic potential, the Ministry had taken the initiative to carry out extensive wind resource assessment studies at North-Eastern Region by installing 200 wind monitoring stations ranging from 50 m to 80 m level with a cost sharing ratio of 90:10 among MNRE and concerned State Nodal Agency.

Small Wind Energy Hybrid Systems (SWES) Programme

8.7 Till date, a cumulative capacity of 383 kW Small Wind Energy Hybrid Systems had been installed in NE Regions including Sikkim. The State-Wise break-up are as follows.

S. No.
State
Cumulative Installed Capacity (kW)
1.
Arunachal Pradesh
7
2.
Assam
6
3.
Manipur
140
4.
Meghalaya
192
5.
Sikkim
16
6.
Tripura
2
7.
Nagaland
20
Total
383

8.8 During the year 2015-16, one SWES system with a capacity of 10 kW was sanctioned to Meghalaya Non-Conventional and Rural Energy Development Agency on Demonstration basis during 2015-16.

Small Hydro Power Programme

8.9 North Eastern States have a fairly good potential to develop small hydro power projects. Among the NE States, Arunachal Pradesh has the highest potential followed by Sikkim, Meghalaya and Mizoram. MNRE has been giving special emphasis for the development of small hydro projects in the NE region and a higher level of financial support has been provided under the SHP schemes. The State wise installed capacity vis-a-vis potential in North Eastern States & Sikkim is given in Table 8.2.

8.10 The Ministry has also issued “In –Principle” approval for the following SHP/MHP Projects in Nagaland. Central Financial Assistance (CFA) will be released only on approval/release of funds to these projects by State Government/NEC and on fulfilling the terms & conditions of the SHP Administrative Approval as given in Table 8.3.

Electrification/illumination of unelectrified border villages of Arunachal Pradesh under PM Package.

8.11 The Ministry is also implementing a project on electrification/illumination of unelectrified border villages of Arunachal Pradesh through completion and installation of new small hydro power projects and solar photovoltaic systems.

Table 8.2 SHP Installed Capacity vis-à-vis Potential (as on 31.12.2015)
Potential
Projects Installed
Projects under Implementation
Sl. No. State
Nos.
Total Capacity (MW)
Nos.
Capacity (MW)
Nos.
Capacity (MW)
1 Arunachal Pradesh
677
1341.38
152
104.605
41
21.53
2 Assam
119
238.69
6
34.110
3
12.00
3 Manipur
114
109.13
8
5.450
3
2.75
4 Meghalaya
97
230.05
4
31.030
3
1.70
5 Mizoram
72
168.90
18
36.470
1
0.50
6 Nagaland
99
196.98
11
29.670
3
3.20
7 Tripura
13
46.86
3
16.010
-
-
8 Tripura
88
266.64
17
52.110
1
0.20

 

Table 8.3 New SHP Projects Given In-Principle Approval during 2015-16
S.No Name of the Project & Location
Capacity
Agency
1 Yangsithsaki SHP on Yangsithsaki River in Kiphire District
400 kW
DoP
2 Chivaki SHP on Chivaki River in Kiphire District
300 kW
DoP
3 Khucho Stage - II SHP on Khucho River in Zunheboto District
300 kW
DoP
4 Kithuri Stage - II SHP on Kithuri River in Zunheboto District
400 kW
DoP
5 Duilumroi Stage - IV SHP on Duilumroi River in Peren District
500 kW
DoP
6 Mela SHP on Mela River in Zunheboto District
500 kW
DoP
7 Ponglefo SHP Project in Kiphire District of Nagaland
1000 kW
DoP
8 Dzuna SHP Project in Kohima District
400 kW
NREDA
9 Thekrejuma (Stage-I) SHP Project in Kohima District
1000 kW
NREDA
10 Thekrejuma (Stage-II) SHP Project in Kohima District
1050 kW
NREDA
11 Khucho MHP Project in Zuhenboto District
100 kW
NREDA
12 Menyo MHP (50 kW) in Phek District
50 kW
NREDA

8.12 A package of Rs.550 crore was announced to provide electricity through solar power and small hydropower projects to all the villages along the state border.

8.13 The package has been divided into two parts:

Part – I: Part -I is for completing 46 ongoing small hydro projects in the State with support of Rs.274.42 crore. These funds have been provided by the Planning Commission directly to the State as Additional Central Assistance. This part would electrify 425 villages in border areas.Part-I is being monitored by Planning Commission. Planning Commission has released the entire fund.

Part – II: Part II is being implemented as a project for electrification / illumination of 1058 villages from small / micro hydel projects and solar photovoltaic systems with a total cost of Rs.275.58 crore. After approval of CCEA, the implementation of projects started from 1st December, 2008. The project is funded by MNRE. Part II of the project is being implemented by Ministry of New and Renewable Energy as a project for electrification / illumination of 1058 villages from small / micro hydel

projects and solar photovoltaic systems with a total cost of Rs.275.58 crore, Ministry has so far released Rs.255.99 crore under the project. So far 976 villages have been electrified/illuminated under the package, out of this 453 villages have been electrified through MHP/SHP Projects and 523 villages has been illuminated through installation of SPV Home Lighting Systems.

Mile Stones

Total Villages to be Electrified / Illuminated : 1058 villages
Through Solar PV home lighting Systems : 523 villages (49.4%)
Through Small / micro hydel projects : 535 villages (50.6%)

Status as on 31.12.2015

Villages Electrified / illuminated    
Through Solar PV home lighting Systems : 523 (100%)
Through Small / micro hydel projects : 453* (84.67%)
Total : 976 villages

*Balance 82 Villages are to be covered by completing the remaining MHP/SHP Projects which has got delayed due to site conditions, heavy rains and shortage of fund. (An additional amount of Rs. 2537.61 lakh has been demanded as Gap Funding by State Government).

Grid Connected Rooftop and Small Solar Power Plants Programme

8.14 The Ministry has sanctioned 3.4 MWp to Manipur Renewable Energy Development Agency for installation of grid connected solar rooftop power plants with CFA of Rs.9.10 Crore. In addition, State Regulatory Commissions of Meghalaya and Assam State has notified the regulations for grid connected rooftop solar power plants.

Development of Solar Cities

8.15 Eight cities are being developed as Solar Cities from North-Eastern States.

8.16 Master plans have been prepared for all the 8 cities. In addition, Aizawl and Agartala cities are being developed as pilot solar cities, for which allocation have been made for Rs.2.50 Crore for installation of renewable energy projects.

Go to Page No: 1 2 3 4 5 6
1. Overview   2. Introduction 3. Power from Renewables - Grid Interactive
and Off - Grid Renewable Power
4. National Solar Mission 5. Renewable Energy for Rural Applications 6. Renewable Energy for Urban, Industrial and Commercial Application 7. Research, Design, Development and Demonstration in New and Renewable Energy 8. Renewable Energy in North Eastern States 9. Specialized Institutions 10. Support Programmes 11. International Renewable Energy Co-operation 12. Promotion of Official Language - Hindi I Annexure - I : Staff Strength I Annexure - II : Audit Paras