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RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR URBAN,
INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS

6.1 The Ministry has been promoting the use of technologies for energy recovery from municipal, industrial and commercial wastes and solar energy, for meeting certain niche energy demands of urban, industrial and commercial sectors in the country. The programmes being implemented during the year include: i) Energy Efficient Solar /Green Building Programme; ii) Energy Recovery from Urban, Industrial and Agricultural Wastes; and iii) Bio-energy and Cogeneration in Industry.

ENERGY EFFICIENT SOLAR/GREEN BUILDINGS PROGRAMME

6.2 Buildings are major consumers of energy in their construction, operation and maintenance. Globally, about 40% of energy consumption is estimated to be in building sector. At present India is experiencing heavy construction activities in all spheres, thereby the energy demand is increasing rapidly. This is also due to rapidly growing urbanization and the increasing affordability of the people.

6.3 A green building minimizes the demand on fossil fuel based energy, maximizes the recycle, reuse, renewable energy and energy efficient devices & appliances. The need to reduce energy consumption and increase use of renewable energy in buildings have been an important concern of this Ministry. Consequently, energy conscious architecture has been promoted which includes the use of solar passive design concept, use of eco-friendly and less energy intensive building materials, integration of renewable energy and energy efficiency, water conservation, waste recycling etc. This was the origin of the green building concept.

Achievements and Progress

6.4 The Ministry has been implementing a Scheme on “Energy Efficient Solar/Green Buildings” since, February, 2009 which aims to promote the widespread construction of energy efficient solar/green buildings in the country through a combination of financial and promotional incentives mainly for capacity building, awareness, seminar and workshops and other promotional activities etc. Under the “Energy Efficient Solar/Green Buildings “programme following initiatives have been taken to promote green building construction in the country.

  • A GRIHA rating system has been developed in collaboration with The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and an independent registered society ADaRSH (Association for Development and Research for Sustainable Habitats) created which works as GRIHA Secretariat. So far aggregate 22 million sq.m built-up-areas have been covered for acquiring GRIHA rating.
  • 97 building projects of Govt. with 3.05 million sq. m built-up area have been sanctioned for the exemption from the registration cum rating fees for acquiring GRIHA rating.
  • About 210 capacity building programmes including trainings, seminar, conferences, workshops for Evaluators and Trainers on GRIHA Ratings and

awareness programmes on Green Buildings/GRIHA Ratings/Green Architecture were organized across the country by various technical institutions.

  • About 970 GRIHA evaluators and trainers were developed under the programme
  • A GRIHA manual containing a set of five volumes has been prepared and published by TERI under the scheme.
  • The guidelines for green large area developments/campuses/townships were also been prepared by ADARSH under the programme.

Progress in year 2015-16

6.5 Under the programme Rs.0.50 crore has been released towards reimbursement of different capacity building programme so far in the FY 2015-16. In addition awards have been given to State Nodal Agencies of Chhattisgarh, Chandigarh, Haryana, Mizoram and Assam for adopting renewable energy systems in their office buildings.

6.6 In addition, the Ministry announced awards under the programme for three categories as given below

Category I - Awards to Urban Local Bodies

Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation, Pune , Maharashtra
Coimbatore Municipal Corporation, Tamil Nadu

Category II - Awards to Green Buildings having maximum RE installations

1st : Central Public Works Department for Indira Paryavaran Bhawan, New Delhi
2nd : National Buildings Construction Corporation Limited for General Pool Residential Accom2modation
3rd : Infosys Ltd (SEZ) for SDB 3,SEZ Developer, Singapore Township

Category III - Incentives to Architects /Design consultants

Jointly given to
1st : Central Public Works Department , New Delhi & Deependra Prashad Architects and Planners (DPAP), New Delhi
2nd :Environmental Design Solutions Pvt Ltd , New Delhi
3rd: Green Tree Building Energy Pvt. Ltd, Noida

DEVELOPMENT OF SOLAR CITIES PROGRAMME

6.7 The “Development of Solar Cities” programme aims at minimum 10% reduction in projected demand of conventional energy at the end of five years, which can be achieved through a combination of energy efficiency measures and enhancing supply from renewable energy sources. The Ministry assists Municipal Corporations and Urban Local Bodies in preparation of a master plan for increasing energy efficiency and renewable energy supply in the city, setting-up institutional arrangements for the implementation of the Master Plan and awareness generation

and capacity building activities. The Ministry has a target to support 60 cities/towns for Development as “Solar/ Green Cities”.

6.8 So far under the programme 56 cities have been approved/sanctioned of which master plan of 49 cities has been prepared. The State-wise achievements and progress of the solar city program is given in Table 6.1.

Table 6.1 State-Wise Achievements and Progress of the Solar City Program
S. No
States
Approved Solar Cities
Status of Master Plan
Status of Solar City Cell
1 Andhra Pradesh Vijayawada* Narsapur Town

Prepared

-

Yes

-

2 Assam Guwahati
Prepared
No
Jorhat
Prepared
Yes
3 Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar
Prepared
Yes
4 Chandigarh Chandigarh**
Prepared
Yes
5 Chhattisgarh Bilaspur
Prepared
Yes
Rajkot*
Prepared
Yes
6 Gujarat Rajkot*
Prepared
Yes
Gandhinagar**
Prepared
Yes
Surat
Prepared
Yes
7 Goa Panaji City
Prepared
No
8 Haryana Gurgaon
Prepared
No
Faridabad*
Prepared
Yes
9 Himachal Pradesh Shimla*
Prepared
Yes
Hamirpur
Prepared
Yes
10 Karnataka Mysore**
Prepared
Yes
Hubli-Dharwad
Prepared
No
11 Kerala Thiruvananthapuram
Prepared
No
Kochi
Prepared
Yes
12 Maharashtra Nagpur**
Prepared
Yes
Thane*
Prepared
Yes
Kalyan-Dombivli
Prepared
Yes
Aurangabad
Prepared
No

Nanded

Shirdi*

Prepared

Prepared

No

Yes

13 Madhya Pradesh Indore
Prepared
Gwalior
Prepared
Yes
Bhopal
Prepared
Rewa
Prepared
Yes
14 Manipur Imphal
Prepared
Yes
15 Mizoram Aizawl*
Prepared
Yes
16 Nagaland Kohima
Prepared
Yes
Dimapur
Prepared
No
17 Delhi New Delhi (NDMC area)
Prepared
No
18 Odisha Bhubaneswar**
Prepared
No
19 Punjab Amritsar*
Prepared
No
Ludhiana
Prepared
Yes
SAS Nagar (Mohali)
---
No

S. No
States
Approved Solar Cities
Status of Master Plan
Status of Solar City Cell
20
Rajasthan
Ajmer
---
No
Jaipur
---
Jodhpur
Prepared
No
21
Tamil Nadu Coimbatore*
Prepared
No
22
Telangana Mahbubnagar
---
No
23
Tripura Agartala*
Prepared
Yes
24
Uttarakhand Dehradun
Prepared
Yes
Haridwar & Rishikesh
Prepared
Yes
Chamoli –Gopeshwar
Prepared
Yes
25
Uttar Pradesh Agra
Prepared
No
Moradabad
Prepared
Yes
Allahabad
Prepared
No
26
West Bengal

Howrah

Madhyamgram

Prepared

Yes

No

New Town Kolkata
Prepared
Yes
27
Jammu & Kashmir Leh*
---
No
28
Puducherry Puducherry*
Prepared
No
(* *Model Solar Cities, * Pilot Solar Cities)
  • The stakeholder committee has been created in all the above “Developing Solar Cities” and the solar city cell has been established in 31 cities.
  • In addition, 33 solar cities were included under the Smart City programme of Ministry of Urban Development.
  • Solar PV projects with aggregate capacity of 8069.16 kWp and Solar Water Heating Systems with aggregate capacity of 7894 meter square collector area have been sanctioned to 12 Solar Cities. In addition more than 13.1MW SPV Rooftop grid connected power are being implemented by Solar Energy Corporation of India in the Solar Cities of which about 11.136 MWp have been completed/commissioned.
  • Proposal of 32 campuses/ township are sanctioned to develop them as Green Campus. The list of sanctioned green campuses are given in Table 6.2.
Table 6.2 List of Green Campuses
S.No. Green Campus
1 Silver Jubilee Campus of Pondicherry University, Puducherry
2 Auroville Campus , Puducherry
3 Dayalbagh Nagar Panchayat ,Uttar Pradesh
4 School of Planning & Architecture, New Delhi
5 Malkapur Nagar Panchayat, Maharashtra
6 KIIT University, Odisha
7 Tezpur University, Assam
8 Indian Institute of Engineering, Science & Technology, West Bengal
9 Jadhavpur University, West Bengal

S. No. Green Campus
10 Writers Building ,Kolkata, West Bengal
11 Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradsh
12 Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar
13 Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh
14 National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur
15 Pant Nagar University, US Nagar, Uttarakhand
16 Gian Jyoti Group of Institutions, Mohali, Punjab
17 Maya Institute of Technology & Management ,Dehradun
18 Shaheed Bhagat Singh College of Nursing, Ferozepur
19 Kunwar Haribansh Singh College of Pharmacy, Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh
20 Pacific Medical University ,Udaipur (Rajasthan)
21 Silicon Institute of Technology , Bhubaneswar-751024
22 Swami Parmanand Group of College ,Punjab
23 Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry, Nauni (Solan)
24 M.S. University , Baroda
25 Ramakrisna Mission Ashram, Narendra Pur
26 Delhi Public School, Ruby Park, Kolkata
27 Delhi Public School , Durgapur
28 Om Dayal Group of Institutions, Engineering and Architecture College
29 AISECT University, Raisen, Madhya Pradesh
30 Sharad Institute of Technology College of Engineering
31 University College of Engineering and Technology, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur
32 The LNM Institute of Information Technology ,Jaipur. Pin-302031
33 Central Electronics Limited (CEL) , Ghaziabad
  • So far, cumulative Rs.66.34 crore has been sanctioned and Rs.24.16 crore has been released under this programme. An amount of Rs.3.45 crore has been released under this program in the year 2015-16.

6.9 The “Development of Solar Cities programme” provides financial support up to of Rs.50 lakh for each city for preparation of the Master Plan (up to Rs.10 lakh), setting up of Solar City Cell and its functioning in the City (up to Rs.10 lakh) oversight of its implementation (up to Rs. 10 lakh) and organizing other promotional activities (up to Rs.20 lakh). Fifteen Cities are to be developed as ‘Pilot Solar Cities’ for installation of renewable energy projects/systems with financial support upto Rs.2.50 crore for each city and eight cities as Model Solar Cities with financial support upto Rs.9.50 crore for each city. 100 Small townships/Campuses duly notified/permitted by the concerned Authorities are also to be developed as Solar Township/Solar Campus

with financial support up to Rs.5.00 lakh will be provided for each small townships/campuses for preparation of Master Plan/DPR including the action plan for renewable energy installations, green campus development, awareness generation and trainings etc.

AKSHAY URJA SHOPS PROGRAMME

6.10 The Programme of establishment of Akshay Urja Shops was continued during the year. Under the programme, Akshay Urja Shops are being established in each district to make renewable energy products and devices easily available to the people and to provide after sales and repair services. The programme is in operation through State Nodal Agencies (SNAs). Financial support to a maximum of Rs.2.40 lakh as recurring grant/incentive for the first two years of operation is available from the Ministry for establishing such shops. Service Charge is also provided to SNAs. A total of 412 shops in 36 States/UTs (including 113 Aditya Solar Shops sanctioned under the erstwhile scheme of the Ministry) have been sanctioned under the Programme.

ENERGY FROM URBAN, INDUSTRIAL AND AGRICULTURAL WASTES/RESIDUES

Programme on Energy from Urban, Industrial & Agricultural Wastes/ Residues during

12th Plan Period

6.11 During the year 2015-16, the Ministry has continued the implementation of the Programme on Energy from Urban, Industrial and Agricultural Waste/Residues aimed at energy generation from different wastes, such as municipal solid wastes, vegetable and other market wastes, slaughterhouse wastes, agricultural residues and industrial wastes.

Objectives of the Scheme:

  1. To promote setting up of projects for recovery of energy from urban, industrial and agricultural wastes; and
  2. To create conducive conditions and environment, with fiscal and financial regime, to develop, demonstrate and disseminate utilization of wastes and residues for recovery of energy.

Subsidy/Grant/Incentive provided under the Scheme:

6.12 Central Financial Assistance (CFA) for projects of different categories is given in the form of capital subsidy to the promoters and in the form of Grants-in-Aid for other activities, as given below:

6.13 During the year 2015-16, the physical achievement under the programme is

14.1 MWeq. and cumulative achievement in the sector is 265.4 MWeq.

1. New Initiatives taken by the GOI

i) Tariff Policy – Power from WTE plants

6.14 In compliance with Section (3) of the Electricity Act, 2003, Ministry of Power (MoP) notified on 12th February, 2005, the Tariff Policy in continuation of the

National Electricity Policy (NEP). It was amended and came into effect from 28th January 2016.

6.15 According to the amended Tariff Policy, Distribution Licensee(s) shall compulsorily procure 100% power produced from all the Waste-to-Energy plants in the State, in the ratio of their procurement of power from all sources including their own, at the tariff determined by the Appropriate Commission under Section 62 of the Act.

ii) Generic Tariff for WTE Projects for FY 2015-16

6.16 The Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) vide notification dated 07th October 2015 and 31st March 2015 have notified norms for determination of Generic Tariff for MSW, RDF and Biogas based WTE projects along with Generic Tariff for FY 2015-16.

iii) Ministry of Road Transport and Highways Notification

6.17 Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, vide Notification dated 16th June 2015, has amended the Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989 and included the provisions for usage of biogas, in the form of bio-CNG, in motor vehicles as mentioned below:-

  1. Provided that bio-compressed natural gas (bio-CNG) shall be permitted for motor vehicles as an alternate composition of the compressed natural gas (CNG);
  2. Provided further that the mass emission standards applicable to compressed natural gas (CNG) vehicles under these rules shall be applicable to respective vehicles when they use bio-compressed natural gas (bio-CNG);
  3. Provided also that the bio-compressed natural gas (bio-CNG) composition meets the fuel specification for bio-compressed natural gas (bio-CNG) as per IS 16087 and meets the requirement of Siloxanes max 0.1 ppm (calculated as Si).

iv) Indian Standard on Biogas (Bio-methane)

6.18 This standard (IS 16087-2013) prescribes the requirement and the methods of sampling and test for the biogas (Bio-methane) applications in stationary engines, automotive and thermal applications and supply through piped network. Requirements for biogas (Bio-methane) for automotive application and piped network as per standard isas under:-

Progress during the year

6.19 As a part of new initiative of supporting Bio-CNG production, two MNRE supported projects for cumulative production of 9,538 kg/day of Bio-CNG, got commissioned during the financial year FY 2015-16, in Ahmedabad, Gujarat and Delawas, Jaipur.A brief on these two projects are as below:-

  • The plant at M/s. Bharat Biogas Energy Ltd., Ahmedabad, Gujarat has the capacity of generating 6,538 kg/day of Bio-CNG from 14,000 m3/day of biogas generated from Urban waste & Industrial waste.
  • The Bio-CNG commissioned at Delawas, Jaipur is India’s first biogas bottling plant based on Sewage Treatment Plant. The plant has a capacity to produce 3,000 kg/day of Bio-CNG from 8,400 m3/day of biogas.

14000 cu.m Bio-CNG plant at Bharat Biogas Energy Ltd., Ahmedabad, Gujarat
8400 cu.m Bio-CNG plant at Brajdham Power Pvt. Ltd., Delawas, Jaipur

6.20 In addition to the above, another MNRE supported Bio-CNG plant implemented by M/s Arc Bio Fuel Pvt. Ltd, Barnala, Punjab for a capacity of 1,842 kg/day from 5,000 m3biogas is currently under commissioning. These plants apart from Bio-CNG also produce organic fertilizer.

Energy from Urban, Industrial and Agricultural Wastes/Residues including Biomass Co-generation (Non-Bagasse) in Industry

6.21 The industrial sector consumes approximately 35% of total electricity generated in the country. In the absence of good quality, reliable power from the grid, they are increasingly generating their own power, largely through diesel generators and are meeting their thermal energy requirements through fossil fuels such as coal, oil or natural gas. Several industries require electrical as well as thermal energy for their operations, which can either be met through different energy sources or through co-generation using only one fuel. The power and steam generated from such co-generation plants can be used for meeting the captive requirements and the surplus power produced can be exported to the grid. Such projects are being set up in a number of industry sectors namely distillery, paper and pulp, solvent extraction, rice mills, textiles, pharmaceutical industries, etc.

Programme on Energy from Urban, Industrial and Agricultural Wastes/Residues including Biomass Co-generation (non-bagasse) in Industry

6.22 The Ministry is implementing a “Programme on Energy from Urban, Industrial and Agricultural Wastes/Residues” including Biomass Co-generation (non-bagasse) in Industries for exploiting the vast potential of biomass power in the form of thermal energy and power for captive use in industry with the following major objectives :

  1. To promote setting up of projects for recovery of energy from urban, industrial and agricultural wastes/residues; and
  2. To create conducive conditions and environment, with fiscal and financial regime, to develop, demonstrate and disseminate utilization of wastes and residues for recovery of energy.

6.23 Capital subsidy on re-imbursement basis is being provided after commissioning of the projects @ Rs. 20 lakhs per MW for biomass co-generation projects.

1.0 MW biomass co-generation project installed at Vill. Karambedu, Dist. Thiruvallur, T.N

Progress during 2015-16

6.24 A cumulative capacity of 601.87 MW has so far been commissioned mainly in the states of Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Punjab and Rajasthan. State wise details are given in Table 6.3.

Table 6.3.
S. No.
States
Cumulative capacity in MW
1 Andhra Pradesh
89.09
2 Bihar
8.20
3 Chhattisgarh
2.50
4 Haryana
57.56
5 Himachal Pradesh
7.20
6 Jharkhand
4.30
7 Karnataka
15.20
8 Kerala
0.72
9 Madhya Pradesh
12.35
10 Maharashtra
16.40
11 Meghalaya
13.80
12 Odisha
8.22
13 Punjab
117.10
14 Rajasthan
2.0
15 Tamilnadu
24.05
16 Uttar Pradesh
156.26
17 Uttarakhand
47.50
18 West Bengal
19.92
  Total
601.87

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1. Overview   2. Introduction 3. Power from Renewables - Grid Interactive
and Off - Grid Renewable Power
4. National Solar Mission 5. Renewable Energy for Rural Applications 6. Renewable Energy for Urban, Industrial and Commercial Application 7. Research, Design, Development and Demonstration in New and Renewable Energy 8. Renewable Energy in North Eastern States 9. Specialized Institutions 10. Support Programmes 11. International Renewable Energy Co-operation 12. Promotion of Official Language - Hindi I Annexure - I : Staff Strength I Annexure - II : Audit Paras