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POWER FROM RENEWABLES – GRID INTERACTIVE AND
OFF-GRID RENEWABLE POWER

3.1 The focus of this Ministry has been to promote the development and deployment of various technologies for increasing the capacity of grid interactive and off-grid renewable power. Towards this end, the government has been offering a number of fiscal and financial incentives to investors to increase the penetration of renewable power in the energy and electricity mix of the country. India’s renewable energy installed capacity has grown from 3.9 GW in 2003-03 to about 39 GW in December 2015. Wind energy has been the predominant contributor to this growth. It also accounts for 25.1GW or 64.5 percent of the installed capacity followed by solar power 4.9 GW, small hydro power 4.1 GW, and biomass power 4.7 GW.

WIND ENERGY PROGRAMME

3.2 Wind energy has emerged as most successful renewable energy option in India and is the fastest growing renewable energy technology for generating grid connected power amongst various renewable energy options. The Ministry’s wind power programme covers wind resources assessment, facilitation of implementation of demonstration and private sector projects through various fiscal and promotional policies. A total capacity of 25088 MW has been established up to December, 2015 in the country. India is the fourth largest wind power producer in the world, after China, USA and Germany.

Wind Resource Assessment and Potential

3.3 The Wind Resource Assessment (WRA) Programme is an ongoing activity and is being coordinated by the National Institute of Wind Energy (NIWE), Chennai (erstwhile Centre for Wind Energy Technology (C-WET)) in association with State Nodal Agencies. WRA has so far been covered in 29 states and 3 Union Territories involving establishment of about 806 dedicated wind monitoring stations. Out of the total stations established so far, 252 stations have shown potential for commercial wind power installations and 107 stations are presently in operation as on 31.12.2015. Under the project titled “Estimation and Validation of Wind Power Potential at 100 m level in 7 States”, 75 nos. of 100 m level Wind Monitoring Stations have so far been commissioned and data collection is under progress.

3.4 Ministry has sanctioned another project entitled “Offshore wind resource assessment at Dhanuskodi, Rameshwaram, Ramanathapuram District in Tamil Nadu" to NIWE, Chennai with an objective to examine the feasibility for setting up of offshore wind farm project. The project has two parts i.e. Wind measurements at Dhanushkodi with 100 m anemometry and to collect satellite radar wind data from ERS satellite above the sea surface between Kanyakumari and Rameshwaram in Tamil Nadu about 400 sq.km area and converts it to 100 m height wind speed data to assess offshore wind farm development. A 100 m level wind monitoring

Launch of Indian Wind Atlas at 100 m agl by Shri Piyush Goyal, Hon’ble Minister of State (IC) Power, Coal and New & Renewable Energy on 2nd September 2015

station has been installed and commissioned at Dhanuskodi during 2013-14 and data is currently being collected remotely through a modem.

3.5 As per the Indian Wind Atlas, the on-shore wind power potential has been estimated as 49,130 MW at 50 m height. On a conservative consideration, a fraction of 2% land availability for all states except Himalayan states, Northeastern states and Andaman & Nicobar Islands has been assumed for potential estimation. In Himalayan states, North-Eastern states and Andaman & Nicobar Islands, it is assumed as 0.5%. However, the potential would change as per the actual land availability in each state. The wind potential has also been extrapolated at 80 m height and has been found to be 1,02,788 MW. However, this needs to be validated with field measurements. State-wise installable potential is given at Table-3.1.

3.6 Recently, NIWE had chosen advanced modeling techniques and revisited the earlier studies as per the guidance and directives of the Ministry with realistic and practical assumptions and estimated the wind power potential at 100 m height as 302 GW. The present potential assessment has been carried out at a very high (10 times finer than 5km) spatial resolution of 500 m, using the advanced meso-micro coupled numerical wind flow model, and with the corroboration of almost 1300 actual measurements spread all over India, which can be stated as first of its kind. In addition, the study has been performed with actual land availability estimation using NRSC 56 m resolution Land Use Land Cover (LULC) Data (AWiFS) 1:250K scale and with consideration of 6 MW/sq.km. Land features which are not suitable for wind farming has been excluded from the potential map with appropriate buffer/set-off. In addition, other developments such as roads, railways, Protected Areas, Airports, etc., have been excluded. Land area with elevation more than 1500 m and slope more than 20 degree have also been excluded. The suitable land features have been grouped into 3 ranks (Rank I: Wasteland, Rank II: Cultivable Land and Rank III: Forest Land) and considerable weightage of 80% to Rank I, 30% to Rank II and 5% to Rank III has been assumed for the estimation. The map has been prepared in Capacity Utilization Factor (%CUF) scale and % CUF more than 20% has been considered for potential estimation.

3.7 After successful preparation of Wind Atlas at 100m level, MNRE/NIWE under the chairmanship of Hon’ble Minister of State (Independent Charge) Power, Coal and

Table-3.1 Wind Power Potential in India
S.No. States / UTs
Indicative Installable Potential (MW)
@50m
@ 80 m
1 Andaman & Nicobar
2
365
2 Andhra Pradesh
5394
14497
3 Arunachal Pradesh*
201
236
4 Assam*
53
112
5 Bihar
-
144
6 Chhattisgarh*
23
314
7 Diu & Daman
-
4
8 Gujarat
10609
35071
9 Haryana
-
93
10 Himachal Pradesh *
20
64
11 Jharkhand
-
91
12 Jammu & Kashmir *
5311
5685
13 Karnataka
8591
13593
14 Kerala
790
837
15 Lakshadweep
16
16
16 Madhya Pradesh
920
2931
17 Maharashtra
5439
5961
18 Manipur*
7
56
19 Meghalaya *
44
82
20 Nagaland *
3
16
21 Odisha
910
1384
22 Puducherry
-
120
23 Rajasthan
5005
5050
24 Sikkim *
98
98
25 Tamil Nadu
5374
14152
26 Uttarakhand *
161
534
27 Uttar Pradesh *
137
1260
28 West Bengal*
22
22
Total  
49130
102788
*Wind Potential has yet to be validated with measurements

New & Renewable Energy had launched the Wind Energy Resources Map of India at 100 meter above ground level and solar radiation map at ground level on online Geographic Information System (GIS) platform on 2nd September, 2015. State-wise installable potential is given at Table-3.2.

Research & Development

3.8 The Ministry had invited Call for R&D Proposals of Small Wind Energy Hybrid Systems from Research entities i.e. CSIR laboratories in public as well as private

Table –3.2: Wind Power Potential in India @ 100m above ground level
State
Rank I
Rank II
Rank III
Total
Andaman & Nicobar
4
3
1
8
Andhra Pradesh
22525
20538
1165
44229
Chhattisgarh
3
57
16
77
Goa
0
0
1
1
Gujarat
52288
32038
106
84431
Karnataka
15202
39803
852
55857
Kerala
333
1103
264
1700
Lakshadweep
3
3
1
8
Madhya Pradesh
2216
8259
9
10484
Maharashtra
31155
13747
492
45394
Odisha
1666
1267
160
3039
Puducherry
69
79
4
153
Rajasthan
15415
 
3343
13
Tamil Nadu
11251
22153
395
33800
Telangana
887
3348
9
4244
West Bengal
0
 
2
0
Total in MW
153020
145743
3489
302251
Total in GW
153
146
3
302
50 MW Wind Farm at Kandamanur, Tamilnadu

sector, academic/research institutions in identified thrust areas during 2014-15. During the year, 7 R&D project proposals were recommended by R&D Sectoral Project Appraisal Committee (RDSPAC) of the Ministry for financial support. The details of the R&D projects recommended during 2015-16 under SWES programme are given at the table given below. Further, out of the above seven recommended projects four projects already sanctioned.

S. No. Title of the project Implementinginstitution/ Organization
1.
Hybrid DC Micro Grid System for Future Residential-Rural Electrification.
Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Allahabad
2.
Design and development of 10 kW Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine With Efficient Controller Unit and optional design for snow fed areas
M/s Luminous Renewable Energy Solution Pvt. Ltd., Pune-412308.
3.
Design and development of efficient power conditioning system for grid connected Wind-Solar hybrid power generation in Tiruvannamalai District
Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Arunai Engineering College, Tiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu
4.
Design and Development of an economical and efficient wind turbine blade testing facility for small wind turbines
Department of Mechanical and Automobile Engineering, Karpagam University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
5.
Vibration control in domestic small horizontal axis wind turbine
Department of Mechanical Engineering, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
6.
Structural assessment and strengthening of existing telecom towers to enable them to support small wind turbines.
Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, Telangana
7.
Design and Development of Magnetically Levitated Micro Vertical Axis Wind Mill for Power Generation in Low Velocity Regimes
Institute for Energy Studies, Anna University, Chennai

Wind Turbine Testing

3.9 NIWE has established a test facility at WTTS, (Wind Turbine Test Station), Kayathar, Tamil Nadu, where wind turbines can be tested according to International Standards. NIWE’s WTTS was established with the technical assistance of RISO National Laboratory, Denmark under Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA) grant. WTTS is presently equipped to undertake Type Testing (TT) of wind turbines and to conduct the testing of wind turbines as per the requests of customers / manufacturers and tests are normally carried out as per International standards IEC 61400-12-1, 13, 1. During the year, One Type Testing assignment for M/s Garuda Vayu Shakti Ltd, One Power Performance Measurements for M/s. Inox Wind Ltd. have been completed. Two Type Testing assignments for M/s. Xyron Technologies Ltd. and M/s. Inox Wind Ltd., One Power Performance Measurement for M/s. Regen Powertech Pvt Ltd. is underway.


Standards and Certification

3.10 The Wind Turbines Sectional Committee (ET 42) has been formulated by Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) for the preparation of Indian standards on wind turbines, under the Chairmanship of Director General, NIWE. Standards and Certification (S&C) unit, which is also part of BIS ET 42 committee, provides the technical support in all the standards related works. Based on the contribution, four Indian standards on wind turbines have been finalized so far and accepted by BIS for publishing the same. During the year, another two Indian standards have been finalized. In addition, works are under progress for two more draft Indian standards. During the year, internationally accredited certification services are made available in India by NIWE through a tripartite co-operation agreement among NIWE, M/s TUV Rheinland Industrie Service GmbH, Germany, an internationally accredited Certification Body for Wind Turbines and M/s TUV Rheinland (India) Private Limited, Bangalore.

3.11 During the year till December 2015, two Revised List of Models and Manufacturers of Wind Turbines RLMM lists have been issued. Five new wind turbine models have been included in the said lists in addition to the various update on the existing wind turbine models (more than 50 nos.) and wind turbine manufacturers. In addition, recommendation letters in connection with grid synchronization for three prototype wind turbine models have also been issued.

Deployment

3.12 Against the target of 2400 MW for the year 2015-16,a wind power capacity of 1645 MW has been added up to December, 2015. With this the cumulative wind power installed capacity in the country has reached to 25088 MW, which is mainly located in 7-8 wind resource rich states. The State-wise installed capacity as on 31.12.2015 is given in Table-3.3.

Table 3.3 State-wise Wind Power Installed Capacity (MW) (upto 31.12.2015)

S.No.
State
Wind Power Installed Capacity(MW
1.
Andhra Pradesh
1155
2.
Gujarat
3877
3.
Karnataka
2872
4.
Kerala
35
5.
Madhya Pradesh
1126
6.
Maharashtra
4638
7.
Rajasthan
3866
8.
Tamil Nadu
7515
9.
Others
4
Total
25088

Wind Farm at Rajasthan

Technology Development and Manufacturing Base

3.13 Wind turbines are being manufactured by 19 manufacturers in the country with 53 models up to a capacity of 3.00 MW single turbine, mainly through joint ventures or under licensed production agreements. A few foreign companies have also set up their subsidiaries in India, while some companies are now manufacturing wind turbines without any foreign collaboration. The current annual production capacity of domestic wind turbine industry is around 9500 MW. The technology is continuously upgraded, keeping in view global developments in this area.

Promotional Policies

3.14 A package of incentives which includes fiscal concessions such as, concessional custom duty for specific critical components, excise duty exemption, special additional duty exemption, income tax exemption for 10 years on profits for power generation, etc. is being provided for promotion of wind power in the country. The Accelerated Depreciation was restored in July 2014 and the GBI scheme continued for the 12th Plan period with increased ceiling of Rs.1.00 crore/MW. Till December 2015 a capacity of 7185.41 MW has been registered with IREDA and an amount of Rs.1228.35 crore has been released under the GBI scheme.

3.15 The State Electricity Regulatory Commissions (SERCs) in Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Kerala, Odisha and West Bengal have announced preferential tariff for purchase of power from wind power projects. State-wise policy for wind power projects is given in Table-3.4. Many States have also announced renewable energy purchase

Note to Table 3.3
*regulations announced by State Electricity Regulatory Commission in the respective State.

# The Tariff is as follows

Particular
Net Levellised Tariff (FY 2014-15)
Wind Zone – 1
5.70
Wind Zone – 2
5.01
Wind Zone – 3
4.18
Wind Zone – 4
3.92

Obligations, which catalyzes the growth in the wind power generation.

Development of Offshore Wind Energy

3.16 With a focus to exploit the vast coastline of 7,600 km for development of offshore wind energy in the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), Union Cabinet has approved the National Offshore wind energy policy. The National Offshore wind energy policy have been notified in official Gazette. The highlights of the policy are as under:

  • MNRE will be the nodal Ministry for development of Offshore Wind Energy in India and act as one of the government entities, among others, for Development and Use of Maritime Space within the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of the country and responsible for overall monitoring of offshore wind energy development; co-ordination with other Ministries/ Departments; preparation of guidelines/ directives for development.
  • The National Institute of Wind Energy (NIWE), Chennai will act as the nodal Agency and has been assigned the following responsibility:
    • Carry out & coordinate resource assessment, surveys and studies in EEZ
    • Demarcate offshore wind energy blocks
    • Call for proposals for development of offshore wind power projects in demarcated blocks through International Competitive Bidding
    • Enter into contract with the project developer & collect lease as per specified guidelines
    • Facilitate developers in obtaining clearances and NOCs from concerned Ministries & Departments.
  • Clearances: The clearances/NOCs required before commencing installation in the sea (survey or Wind Turbine Generator) are related to Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Shipping/State Maritime Board/State Government, Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, Ministry of Environment & Forests and some other agencies. Work related to studies & surveys or construction in offshore cannot be commenced until the “Clearance” wherever required, is granted by concerned Ministries/Departments. There will be two stages of Clearances:

Stage-I Clearances: NIWE will take in-principle clearance from the Ministries of Defence, Home, External Affairs, Environment & Forests and Department of Space before notifying the offshore wind energy blocks for International Competitive Bidding (ICB)

Stage-II Clearances: On allocation of block, the successful bidder/developer will have to take Clearances/NOCs from various Central and State Government Ministries/Departments.

Progress

3.17 Initial studies carried out by National Institute of Wind Energy indicate offshore wind energy potential in the coasts of Gujarat and Tamil Nadu. An EU funded study has also indicated potential for off shore wind energy in the Tamil Nadu and Gujarat coasts. However, this requires validation by actual measurement. Locations have been identified in Gujarat and Tamil Nadu Sea to establish LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) for measurement of offshore wind data.

BIOMASS POWER AND BAGASSE CO-GENERATION PROGRAMME

3.18 Biomass Power and Bagasse Co-generation Programme is being promoted by the Ministry during the year. The Programme aims at efficient utilization of biomass such as agro-residue in the form of stalks, stems and straw; agro-industrial residues such as shells, husks, de-oiled cakes and wood from dedicated energy plantations for power generation. The potential for power generation from agricultural and agro-industrial residues is estimated at about 18,000 MW. With progressive higher steam temperature and pressure and efficient project configuration in new sugar mills and modernization of existing ones, the potential of surplus power generation through bagasse cogeneration in sugar mills is estimated at 7,000 MW. The potential for bagasse cogeneration lies mainly in the nine sugar producing States, with the maximum potential of about 1250 MW each in the States of Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh. Thus, the total estimated biomass power potential is about 25,000 MW.

3.19 Over 300 biomass power and cogeneration projects aggregating to about 4760 MW capacity have been installed in the country up to December 2015 for feeding power to the grid. In addition, around 30 biomass power projects aggregating to about 350 MW are under various stages of implementation.

3.20 The technologies used under the programme are combustion and cogeneration. The cycle used is the conventional Rankine cycle with biomass being burnt in a high pressure boiler to generate steam and operates a turbine. The net power cycle efficiencies that can be achieved are about 23-25 %. The exhaust of the steam turbine can either be fully condensed or used partly or fully as process heat in sugar mills. The latter mode is called cogeneration.

3.21 Sugar industry has been traditionally practicing incidental cogeneration by using bagasse as a fuel for meeting the steam and power requirements of sugar processing and sugar mill complex. With the advancement in the boiler and turbine technologies for generation and utilization of steam at high temperature and pressure, sugar industry can produce electricity and steam for their own requirements and surplus electricity for sale to the grid using same quantity of bagasse through optimum cogeneration. For example, if steam temperature/

10 MW Grid Connected Biomass Power Plant at Thimmanpur Village, Dist. Haveri, Karnataka

pressure is raised from 400o C /33 bar to 485o C /66 bar, more than 80 kWh of additional electricity can be produced for each tonne of cane crushed. The sale of surplus power generated through optimum cogeneration is helping a sugar mill to improve its viability, apart from adding to the power generation capacity of the country.

3.22 The Programme has the following components:

  • Biomass based power generation in grid connected mode
  • Bagasse based cogeneration in sugar mills for export of surplus power to grid

3.23 The programme has the following objectives:

  1. To promote efficient and economic use of surplus biomass for power generation.
  2. To maximize surplus power generation from sugar mills using improved technologies.
  3. To promote technologies of co-generation and biomass combustion for supplementing conventional power.
  4. To promote BOOT model projects for surplus power generation in cooperative sector sugar mills.

3.24 Eligibility Criteria for Admissible Projects with Respect to:

a. Types of Biomass Resources

  • For biomass power projects:- Biomass such as agro-based Industrial Residues, wood produced in Energy Plantations or recovered from wild bushes/weeds, wood waste produced in industrial operations; Crop/Agro industrial Residues.
  • For bagasse cogeneration projects: Bagasse during crushing season

30 MW Cogen Power Plant at Sahakar Maharshi Bhausaheb Thorat Sahakari Sakhar Karkhana Ltd.,
Sangamner, Maharashtra

b. Financing Institutions

All registered financial Institutions Development / investment corporations; all nationalized bank, private banks, Central & State Cooperative Banks, State/Public Sector Leasing and Financing corporations.

c. Promoters

Promoters includes individual / independent registered companies, Joint Sector / public sector companies / state agencies and private and public sector investors having technical and managerial capabilities for implementing Biomass Power / Bagasse cogeneration projects on BOOT / BOLT or IPP basis or State Govt. undertaking or Sate Govt. supported Joint Venture Company/SPV Company.

d. Grid connected Biomass Power and Bagasse Cogeneration Projects with the following capacity / parameters will only be eligible under the scheme;

Biomass Power (combustion)
  • Minimum 60 bar steam pressure
  • Maximum of upto 15% use of fossil fuel of total energy consumption in K. cals or as per DPR, whichever is less.
  • For only new boilers and turbines (capacity limited to in accordance with the estimated potential in a state)

Bagasse Co-generation by Private/ cooperative / Public Sector Sugar Mill

 

  • Minimum 40 bar steam pressure
  • Maximum of upto 15% use of fossil fuel of total energy consumption in K. cals. or as per DPR, whichever is less.
Bagasse Cogeneration through BOOT/ BOLT model by IPP’s /State Govt. undertaking / State Govt. Joint Venture Company
  • Minimum 60 bar steam pressure
  • Maximum of upto 15% use of fossil fuel of total energy consumption in K. cal or as per DPR, whichever is less, during crushing season
  • Minimum export of power – 5 MW.
Bagasse Cogeneration in existing Cooperative Sugar Mill employing boiler modification
  • Minimum 40 bar steam pressure
  • PPA as per SERC
  • Maximum of upto 15% use of fossil fuel of total energy consumption in K. cals. or as per DPR, whichever is less, during crushing season.
  • Minimum export of power – 3 MW.

17 MW Cogen Power Plant at Ashok SSKL, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra

Central Financial Assistance (CFA)

3.25 The Central Financial Assistance for private sector projects viz IPP Grid interactive biomass combustion power projects and bagasse co-generation in private / Joint sector sugar mills, IPP based BOOT/BOLT model projects in cooperative / Public sector sugar mills will be released after successful commissioning, and commencement of commercial generation and testing of the project (Back ended Central Financial Assistance), except in the case of bagasse co-generation projects in cooperative/public sector sugar mills implemented by State Government undertaking / State Government Joint Venture Company/SPV through BOOT/BOLT model and cogeneration projects by cooperative / public sector sugar mill themselves, wherein 50% of eligible upfront Central Financial Assistance will be provided and the balance 50% will be released after successful commissioning and performance testing of the project.

3.26 Central Financial Assistance depending upon category and type of grid connected projects would to be provided as per Table A, B, & C. The amount of Central Financial Assistance would be calculated for biomass combustion power projects based on installed capacity and for bagasse cogeneration project in sugar mills based on surplus power exported to grid. The appraisal of the proposals / DPR as carried out by Financial Institutions (FI’s) will generally be acceptable to Ministry & will be considered by Ministry for eligible incentives under the programme.

Achievements

3.27 A cumulative capacity of 4761 MW has so far been commissioned mainly in the states of Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Punjab and Rajasthan. State wise details are given in Table 3.4. A target of 1900 MW (1400 MW Bagasse Cogeneration + 500 MW Biomass Power) has been planned for the 12th Plan against an allocation of Rs.310 crore.

A. CFA for Biomass Power Project and Bagasse Cogeneration Projects by Private/Joint/Coop./Public Sector Sugar Mills

Special Category States
(NE Region, Sikkim,
J&K, HP & Uttarakhand)
Other States
Project Type
Capital Subsidy
Capital Subsidy
Biomass Power projects
Rs.25 lakh X C MW) (Maximum Support of Rs 1.5 Crore per project)
Rs.20 lakh X (C MW) (Maximum Support of Rs 1.5 Crore per project)
Bagasse Co-generation by Private sugar mills*
Rs.18 lakh X (C MW) (Maximum Support of Rs 1.5 Crore per Project)
Rs.15 lakh X (C MW) (Maximum Support of Rs 1.5 Crore per Project)
Bagasse Co-generation
projects by cooperative/
public sector Sugar Mills*
40 bar & above
60 bar & above
80 bar & above
Rs.40 lakh
Rs.50 lakh
Rs.60 lakh
Per MW of surplus power @ (maximum support
Rs. 6.0 crore per project)
Rs.40 lakh *
Rs.50 lakh *
Rs. 60 lakh *
Per MW of surplus power @ (maximum support
Rs. 6.0 crore per project)
*For new sugar mills, which are yet to start production and existing Pvt. & Co-op. sugar mills employing backpressure route/seasonal/incidental co-generation, which exports surplus power to the grid, subsidies shall be one-half of the level mentioned above.
@ Power generated in a sugar mill (-) power used for captive purpose i.e. net power fed to the grid during season by a sugar mill. Here C is the capacity in MW.

B. CFA for bagasse co-generation project in cooperative/ public sector sugar mills implemented by IPPs/State Government Undertakings or Special Purpose Vehicle (Urja Ankur Trust) through BOOT/BOLT model

PROJECT TYPE
MINIMUM CONFIGURATION
CAPITAL SUBSIDY

Single coop.mill through BOOT BOLT Model 60 bar & above

Rs.40 L/MW of surplus power *
80 bar & above
Rs.50 L/MW of surplus power* (maximum support Rs. 6.0 crore/ Sugar Mill)
* Power generated in a Sugar Mill (-) power used for captive purpose i.e. Net power fed to the grid during season in a sugar mill

C. CFA for bagasse co-generation project in existing cooperative sector Sugar Mills employing boiler modifications

Project Type
Minimum
Configuration
Capital Subsidy
Existing Cooperative Sugar Mill

40 bar & above

60 bar & above

80 bar & above

Rs.20 Lakh/MW of surplus power*

Rs.25 Lakh/MW of surplus power*

Rs.30 Lakh/MW of surplus power*

* Power generated in a Sugar Mill (-) power used for captive purpose i.e. Net power fed to the grid during season in a Sugar Mill. CFA will be provided to the Sugar Mills who have not received CFA earlier from MNRE under any of its scheme.

Table 3.4 State wise Cumulative Commissioned Biomass Power and Bagasse Cogeneration Projects

S. No.
State
Cumulative Capacity in MW
1
Andhra Pradesh
389.75
2
Bihar
43.42
3
Chhattisgarh
264.90
4
Gujarat
55.90
5
Haryana
52.30
6
Karnataka
737.28
7
Madhya Pradesh
36.00
8
Maharashtra
1112.78
9
Odisha
20.00
10
Punjab
140.50
11
Rajasthan
111.30
12
Tamil Nadu
662.30
13
Uttarakhand
30.00
14
Uttar Pradesh
936.70
15
West Bengal
26.00
Total
4761

SMALL HYDRO PROGRAMME

3.28 In India, Hydro power projects up to capacity of 25 MW are classified as Small Hydro. Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has been vested with the responsibility of developing Small Hydro Power (SHP) projects. Given below is the finer classification among various capacities under Small Hydro with respective application/ usage:-

Type
Use
Capacity (KW)
Water Mills
For local use
Up to 5
Micro
Village electrification
Up to 100
Mini
Village Electrification & Grid
101 to 2000
Small
Grid
2001 to 25000

3.29 The estimated potential for power generation in the country from small / mini hydel projects is 19,749 MW from 6474 identified sites as given in Table 3.5. Out of this potential, about 50% lies in the States of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Jammu & Kashmir and Arunachal Pradesh as river based projects i.e. run off river scheme. In the plain regions Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka and Kerala have sizeable potential. SHP projects are environmentally benign, economically viable and consequently investment in such projects improves with increase in the station capacity. Focused attention is given towards these States through close interaction, monitoring of projects and reviewing policy environment to attract private sector investments. The Ministry has been providing Central Financial

Assistance to State Governments and private sector to set up small / mini hydro projects. The Ministry is also giving support towards survey and investigation, preparation of DPRs, project monitoring and training through Alternate Hydro Energy Center (AHEC), IIT, Roorkee etc. for private sector projects. Subsidy is released to financial institutions (FI) in two installments i.e. financial closure and after successful commissioning and commencement of commercial generation.

3.30 The Ministry provides financial assistance/ financial support in the form of grants / assistance / subsidy in respect of the following schemes / activities.

  1. Resource assessment and support for identification of new sites: scheme to support identification of new potential SHP sites, preparation of Plan and Detailed Project Report (DPR) including Detailed Survey & Investigation (DSI) for SHP project sites to the Central / States Govt. dept. & agencies/ local bodies.
  2. Scheme to support for setting up new SHP projects in the private/ co-operative/ joint sector etc.
  3. Scheme to support for setting up new SHP projects in the Government Sector.
  4. Scheme to support for Renovation and Modernisation of existing SHP projects in the government sector.
  5. Scheme to support for development / Upgradation of Water Mills (mechanical/ electrical output) and setting up Micro Hydel Projects (up to 100KW capacity).
  6. Research & Development and Human Resource Development: Support to R&D projects, strengthening of technical institutions, setting up turbine laboratory, business meets, training programme/ courses, fellowships etc., monitoring of SHP projects, consultancy and/ or any other activity left necessary for the SHP development. The Financial assistance will be considered for these activities on case to case basis.

3.31 Ministry provides financial assistance to the following sub scheme of SHP as per details given below:-

(a) Resource Assessment and Support for Identification of new sites:

Areas
Up to 1MW
Above 1 MW & upto 25 MW
All States & UTs Rs. 6,00,000 per project Rs. 10,00,000 per Project

(b) For Financial support to set up New SHP Project up to 25MW capacity in the Private, Co-operative, joint Sector etc.

The quantum of financial support will be independent of the term loan and will be limited to the amount indicated below.

Category
Above 0.1MW-25MW
N E Region, J&K, H.P & Uttarakhand (special Category States) Rs.1.5 crore/MW limited to Rs.5.00 crore per project.
Other States Rs.1.0 crore/MW limited to Rs.5.00 crore per project.

(c) Scheme for Financial support to set up New SHP Project up to 25MW station capacity in the Government/ State Sector.

Category
Above 100KW & Upto 1000KW
Above 0.1MW-25MW
N E Region, J&K, H.P & Uttarakhand (special Category States) Rs.75,000 per KW Rs7.5 crore/MW limited to Rs.20.00 crore per project.
Other States Rs.35,000 per KW. Rs.3.5 crore/MW limited to Rs.20.00 crore per project.

(d) Scheme to support for Renovation and Modernisation of existing SHP projects in the Government sector.

Areas
Upto 1000 KW
Above 1 MW & upto 25 MW
All States & UTs Rs. 10,000 per KW Rs. 1.00 crore/MW limited to Rs. 10.00 crore per project

(e) Scheme to support for development/up gradation of Water Mills (mechanical/electrical output) and setting up Micro Hydel projects (up to 100 KW capacity).

S. No.
Category of Watermill
Amount of CFA

1.

2.

Mechanical output only

Electrical output (up to 5 kW) or, Both Electrical output (up to 5 kW) or, Both (up to 5 kW)

Rs. 50,000/- per Watermill

Rs. 1,50,000/- per Watermill

Micro Hydel Projects up to 100 kW Capacity

Areas
Amount of CFA
All states
Rs.1,25,000/- per KW

Micro Hydel Projects up to 100 kW Capacity

3.32 Small hydel projects are environmentally benign and normally do not encounter the problems usually associated with large hydel projects of deforestation and resettlement/ rehabilitation due to submergence. The projects have potential to meet power requirements of remote and isolated areas. These factors make small hydel as one of the most attractive renewable source of grid quality power generation. 24 States of the country have in place policies towards private sector participation to set up SHP projects in their states. The Ministry has taken a series of steps to promote development of SHP in a planned manner and improve reliability & quality of the projects. The Ministry is giving special emphasis and developed a special package to promote SHP programme in the country including

North Eastern states Sikkim, J&K, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. Ministry has introduced special programme to promote new and efficient designs of water mills for mechanical as well as electricity generation and setting up of micro hydel projects up to a capacity of 100 KW for remote village electrification. These projects are taken up with the involvement of local organizations such as the Water Mills Associations, State Government Department/ State Nodel Agencies/ Tea Garden, Cooperative Societies, local bodies/ registered NGOs, village energy cooperatives, and individual entrepreneurs.

3.33 The total installed capacity of small hydro projects, at the end of 11th Plan, was 3395 MW. This was achieved by adding an aggregate capacity of 1419 MW during 2007-2012. The 12th Plan target for small / mini hydro is 250 MW per year. Year wise target and achievements for the 2012-13, 2013-14, 2014-15 & 2015-16 is given in below:

Year
Physical
Financial
Target (MW)
Achievement (MW)
Target (Rs.in crore)
Achievement (Rs. in crore)
2012-13
300.00
237.00
155.10
158.92
2013-14
300.00
171.40
123.18
122.82
2014-15
250.00
251.60
108.00
108.00
2015-16
250
121.55 (Up to December, 2015)
107.00
85.79 (Up to December, 2015)

3.34 The current year i.e.2015-16 target is 250 MW. During the year, SHP projects aggregating to a capacity of 121.55 MW (up to 31.12.2015) have been commissioned both in the commercial and State Sector. A continuous and steady growth can be seen in the SHP sector.

Peechi Power
House, Kerala

3.35 In cumulative terms, 1048 small hydropower projects aggregating to 4161.905MW have been set up in various parts of the country. In addition, 204 projects of about 561.71MW are in various stages of implementation. Table 3.5 - provides state-wise details of projects completed and under execution.

3.36 It was observed that the present information available about potential of small hydro in the country needs a reassessment, as for the last few years, Private developers are also identifying sites in States and are termed as self-identified

Table 3.5-State-wise Details of Projects Completed and Under Execution.
STATE WISE NUMBERS AND AGGREGATE CAPACITY OF SHP PROJECTS (UPTO 25 MW) POTENTIAL, INSTALLED & UNDER IMPLEMENTATION (as on 31.12.2015)

S.
No.

 

State
Potential
Projects Installed
Projects under Implementation
Nos.
Total Capacity (MW)
Nos.
Capacity (MW)
Nos.
Capacity (MW)
1 Andhra Pradesh & Telengana
387
978.4
70
232.23
11
20.84
2 Arunachal Pradesh
677
1341.38
152
104.605
41
21.53
3 Assam
119
238.69
6
34.11
3
12
4 Bihar
93
223.05
29
70.7
5
17.7
5 Chhattisgarh
200
1107.15
9
52
5
115.25
6 Goa
6
65
1
0.05
0
0
7 Gujarat
292
201.97
6
16.6
0
0
8 Haryana
33
110.05
9
73.5
0
0
9 Himachal Pradesh
531
2397.91
176
754.81
15
0.3
10 J&K
245
1430.67
39
156.33
5
8.65
11 Jharkhand
103
208.95
6
4.05
8
34.85
12 Karnataka
834
4141.12
161
1177.93
9
26.8
13 Kerala
245
704.1
29
198.92
6
9.25
14 Madhya Pradesh
299
820.44
11
86.16
3
4.9
15 Maharashtra
274
794.33
60
336.875
7
34.25
16 Manipur
114
109.13
8
5.45
3
2.75
17 Meghalaya
97
230.05
4
31.03
3
1.7
18 Mizoram
72
168.9
18
36.47
1
0.5
19 Nagaland
99
196.98
11
29.67
3
3.2
20 Odisha
222
295.47
10
64.625
4
3.6
21 Punjab
259
441.38
48
157.4
10
18.25
22 Rajasthan
66
57.17
10
23.85
0
0
23 Sikkim
88
266.64
17
52.11
1
0.2
24 Tamil Nadu
197
659.51
21
123.05
0
0
25 Tripura
13
46.86
3
16.01
0
0
26 Uttar Pradesh
251
460.75
9
25.1
1
1.5
27 Uttarakhand
448
1707.87
101
209.32
44
139.54
28 West Bengal
203
396.11
24
98.5
16
84.15
29 A&N Islands
7
7.91
1
5.25
0
0
 
Total
6474
19749.44
1049
4176.905
204
561.71

sites. There is change in potential at some of the sites after detailed investigation by the private developers. It is now estimated that there is a potential of about 20,000 MW of Small Hydro in the Country. A list of over 6474 sites has been prepared with an estimated potential of about 19,749MW. AHEC has helped the Ministry in compiling this information.

3.37 The Hon’ble Prime Minister had announced a package of Rs.550.00 crore to electrify/ illuminate border villages of Arunachal Pradesh. Accordingly, a plan was made to electrify / illuminate 1483 un-electrified villages of all border districts of Arunachal Pradesh. The project is now in the final stages of implementation. Out of 1483 villages, 1401 villages have been illuminated / electrified. These include, 523 villages, where all households have been provided with solar home lighting systems.

3.38 The Ministry is also implementing a project titled ‘Ladakh Renewable Energy Initiative’ w.e.f. June 1st, 2010 to minimize dependence on diesel in the Ladakh region and meet power requirement through renewable energy sources locally available. The approach is to meet power requirements through small / micro hydel and solar photovoltaic power projects /systems and use solar thermal systems for water heating / space heating / cooking requirements. The project was supposed to be implemented in a time bound mode of three and a half years with a total cost of Rs.473.00 crore. The project duration has been extended up to 31st December 2017. The project envisages setting up of 30 small/mini hydel projects with an aggregate capacity of 23.8MW at a total cost of Rs.267crore. Success Story is given in the Box 3.1.

3.39 The Hon’ble Prime Minister had announced a package named as “Development/ Reconstruction package for Jammu and Kashmir” of Rs.2350.00 crore for Renewable Energy which includes Rs.2000.00 crore for Small Hydro. This may cover Preparation of DPRs and implementations/ installations of SHP projects. Duration of project is 2014-15 to 2020.

3.40 During the year 2015-16, the Ministry had initiated interaction with the State Governments, SHP developers and manufacturers of SHP equipment. Ministry have to achieve target up to 5.00 GW by the year 2022 through SHP in the total target of 175.00GW from Renewable Energy Sources. To achieve the target in full during the remaining period of 12th Plan, the Ministry interacted with SHP developers (State Nodal Departments/Agencies). A consultative meeting held on 31st August, 2015, wherein the State Governments opted to achieve the following targets voluntarily. State wise details of the Targets up to 2022 are given below:-

S.No. Name of State
Target allocated (MW)
1 Arunachal Pradesh
500
2 Himachal Pradesh
750
3 Jammu & Kashmir
500
4 Karnataka
250
5 Maharashtra
200
6 Odisha
100
7 Punjab
100
8 Uttarakhand
500
  Total
2900

Box 3.1
SUCCESS STORY: INSTALLATION OF PICO-HYDRO PROJECT ATKHUNGRU, NUBRA, LEH-LADAKH

Access to energy in the mountains of India has remained an issue for many years, however with off-grid renewable energy solutions becoming an option for electrification through the last decade, many homes in the mountainous regions are now benefiting from the small hydro programme of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE). MNRE under the pico hydro projects and the upgradation of water mills programme sanctioned several numbers for implementation in the Leh District of Jammu and Kashmir, which has seen to visible change for the people living in the remote mountain valleys of Ladakh.

One such village is Khungru, located in the high mountains of the Nubra Valley, where providing access to energy had been a challenging task. The residents of Khungru, in their past remained more or less without electricity, and much of the daily activities were tied to the rising and setting of the sun. The Ladakh Renewable Energy Development Agency (LREDA), the nodal agency of the MNRE in Leh District, provided the 12 households with a solution for electrification through pico-hydro projects. The community showed great interest and curiosity for the solutions and whole-heartedly supported the installation of a pico-hydro system. The village, having good access to water was suitable for such a project.

Under the guidance of LREDA engineers, the community built a canal system for the pico-hydro equipment. With the aid of the government subsidy provided by the MNRE under the programme and the contribution of the beneficiary share from the residents of Khungru, the 5 kW pico-hydro project was successfully commissioned by LREDA. The project has been providing uninterrupted power supply to the village since. Tsering Nurboo, one of the residents of Khungru village has been delighted that the pico-hydro project was commissioned, and stated that the energy would drastically improve the quality of life and add to the hopes of the younger generation in the village. He also added that the Losar festival, the New Year’s festival in Ladakh would be a cheerful one in Khungru with the woes of energy issues out of the way.

LREDA through the MNRE sanctioned special package titled the ‘Ladakh Renewable Energy Initiative’ is also under the process of executing several relatively large sized micro hydro projects in the region that will see the energy access realise for many of the villages in the Nubra Valley of Ladakh in the near future. The Ladakh Renewable Energy Initiative project, already at an advanced stage, has been witness to development and improvement in the quality of life through the use of renewable energy. Renewable energy is making an impact, permeating into the households in the form of electricity through off-grid hydro and solar projects and solar thermal systems.

5 kW Pico-Hydro project at Khungru, Ladakh, J&K

3.41 The Ministry is giving special emphasis to promote use of new designs of water mills for mechanical as well as electricity generation and setting up of micro hydel projects. Special programs are being developed with the states to take up area based approach and involve local organizations such as the Water Mills Associations; Cooperative Societies; Registered NGOs, local bodies, State Nodal Agencies and individual entrepreneurs. The Ministry has sanctioned support for water mills and micro hydel projects (up to 100 KW) in states.

Development of Efficient Cross Flow Turbine for Hilly Region

3.42 In order to exploit the micro hydro potential more efficiently and effectively, there is a need to develop an efficient cost effective cross flow turbine design. Efficiency of cross flow turbine is generally poor, which can be enhanced substantially by improving the design of cross flow turbine. Low efficiency is the basic inspiration to improve the existing design of cross flow runner and it has been observed that the efficiency of cross flow turbine can be increased by introducing a proper guide mechanism to guide the flow through the runner and it is expected to be improved substantially.

Development of laboratory for sediment monitoring and impact analysis studies in Hydro power plant

3.43 The main objective of setting up of sediment laboratory is to development of materials which will be more resistant to abrasions due to sediments, especially for hilly regions where the problems associated with silt is more pronounced. The laboratory will carry out the studies in various river basins and outcome of study/ research will be a step ahead in field of erosion problems in hydropower plants especially in Himalayan region.

SOLAR ENERGY

3.44 Grid connected Solar Power generation, Tail-end Grid connected Solar Power and Solar Thermal Power programmes have been covered in detail in Chapter 4 on National Solar Mission.

OFF-GRID RENEWABLE POWER

BIOGAS POWER (OFF-GRID) PROGRAMME (BPP)

3.45 The Ministry is promoting biogas power for decentralized power generation applications in the capacity range 3kW to 250kW under the programme Biogas Power (Off-grid) Programme based on the adequate availability of a variety of feed stock such as animal wastes, kitchen/food wastes, etc. at the project sites. The programme has a provision for use of biogas generated from such projects for thermal applications also.The programme is implemented through State Nodal Departments/ Agencies of the States/ UTs, KVIC, BDTC’s and institutions. For effective utilization of such biogas plants, the implementing organizations are required to ensure that sufficient feed materials for operating proposed biogas plants are available on sustainable basis and the beneficiary organizations give an undertaking that the plants would be operated and maintained for a minimum period of ten years. The programme has tremendous

potential for addressing electricity requirements in dairies, goshallas, farming, etc. apart from improving agriculture productivity due to bio fertilizer produced during the process.

Pattern of Central Financial Assistance

Power
generating
capacity
Biogas plant
capacity
CFA/subsidy limited to the
following ceiling or 40 % of
the cost of the system
whichever is less.
Administrative/
Service Charges to
SNAs/ SNDs /BDTC’s
and IAs.
Power
Generation
Thermal
applications
Power
Generation
Thermal
applications
3 to 20 kW 25 M3 to 85 M3 Rs.40,000/-


per kW
Rs.20,000/-
per kWeq
10 % of the
CFA
10 % of the
CFA
>20 kW
upto
100 kW
Any combination of
above plants or
approved alternate
capacity/design
Rs.35,000/-
per kW
Rs.17,500/-
per kWeq
Rs.1,00,000/- Rs.50,000/-
>100 kW
upto
250 kW
Any combination of
above plants or
approved alternate
capacity / design
Any combination of
above plants or
approved alternate
capacity / design
Rs.15,000/-
per kWeq
Rs.1,50,000/- Rs.75,000/-

Review Meeting

3.46 The Ministry organized a review meeting of biogas power (off-grid) projects on 9th July 2015 in MNRE under the Chairmanship of Secretary, MNRE for discussing the implementation of biogas power (off-grid) projects with the implementing agencies, manufacturers of biogas plants, engines, scrubbers, biogas flow meters and the related stakeholders. The meeting was attended by 45 participants from implementing agencies, manufacturers of biogas plants, engine, scrubbers, gas flow meters and other related stakeholders. The meeting stressed that biogas plant manufacturers need to establish an organized technology supply chain such that its market is visible. It was suggested that all biogas plant manufacturers including manufacturers of engine and other related components should form a “Manufacturing Association” which will help coordination for development of technology and integration of components for efficient and reliable performance, which is essential for commercialization of technology. It was considered that biogas flow meters and proper use of standardized power control panels and energy meters are required to monitor the gas produced from a desired capacity of biogas plants and also power generated from the total project. It was also decided that standardization is essential for reliability and commercialization of biogas technology. Subsequently, an Expert Group/Committee including manufacturers of biogas plants, engines, scrubbers, etc. has been set up to discuss the issue for standardization of biogas for different applications.

Achievements

3.47 The biogas power plants are supplying electricity requirements of beneficiaries, which include dairies, goshallas, farmers, etc. 21 nos. of biogas power projects with cumulative power generation capacity of 1032kW corresponding to biogas

generation capacity of 10315 m3 have been completed during the current year and a total of Rs.3.09 crore subsidy was released for three projects during the year. Out of 53 nos. new biogas power projects received during the current year, a total of 29 projects with cumulative power generation capacity of 764 KW corresponding to biogas generation capacity of 6270 m3 with CFA of Rs.2.88 crore have been sanctioned to various implementing agencies in the country during the current year. Other projects are under revision by the implementing agencies. A total of about 400 biogas power plants with power generation capacity of about 5.5 MW have so far been set up under this programme.

BIOMASS GASIFIER PROGRAMME

3.48 Biomass gasification is thermo-chemical conversion of biomass into a combustible gas mixture (producer gas) through a partial combustion route with air supply restricted to less than that theoretically required for full combustion. A gasifier system basically comprises of a reactor where the gas is generated, and is followed by a cooling and cleaning train which cools and cleans the gas. The clean combustible gas is available for power generation in diesel-gen-set or 100% producer gas engines.

3.49 The Ministry is promoting multifaceted biomass gasifier based power plants for producing electricity using locally available biomass resources such as small wood chips, rice husk, arhar stalks, cotton stalks and other agro-residues in rural areas. The main component of the biomass gasifier programmes are:

  1. Distributed / Off-grid power for Rural Areas
  2. Captive power generation applications in Rice Mills and other industries.
  3. Tail end grid connected power projects up to 2 MW capacities.

3.50 The focus of the biomass gasifier programme is to meet captive electrical and thermal needs of rice mills and other industries which in turn help in replacing / saving of conventional fuels such as coal, diesel, furnace oil etc. In addition, to provide unmet demand of electricity for villages for lighting, water pumping and micro-enterprises. Emphasis is also given for setting up of small biomass gasifier based power plants up to 2 MW capacities connected at the tail end of grid as it provides multiple benefits such as reducing T&D losses, ensuring sustainable supply of biomass, access to electricity in villages etc.

3.51 The programme envisages implementation of such projects with involvement of Independent Power Producers (IPPs), Energy Service Companies (ESCOs), industries, Co-operative, Panchayats, SHGs, NGOs, manufactures or entrepreneurs, industries, promoters & developers etc.

3.52 Biomass gasifiers based projects of 12 kWe each are providing uninterrupted power supply to 17 telecom towers based on sustainable business model by entrepreneurs in Rajasthan.

3.53 Off-grid power capacity from biomass gasifier in 19 rice mills and other industries including flour mill, bakeries for meeting captive demand of electricity and thermal applications have been installed in the state of West Bengal, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. The total installed capacity of 11.98 MW equivalent during 2015-16 for electrical and thermal applications in industries.

3.54 Details of Financial Incentives provided under the programme are stated below:

S No.
Items
Pattern of CFA
i.
Distributed / off grid power projects in rural areas and grid connected power projects with 100% producer gas engines or biomass based combustion projects. Rs.15,000 per kW
ii.
Biomass gasifier systems retrofitted with duel fuel mode engines Rs.2,500 per kW
iii.
Projects involving installation of 100% gas engines with an existing gasifier. Rs.10.00 lakh per 100 kW
iv.
a. Thermal applications in rice mills and other industries.
b. Captive power needs through dual fuel engines in rice mills and other industries.
c. Captive power needs through 100% producer gas engines in rice mills and other industries.
Rs.2.0 lakh / 300 KWth
Rs.2.5 lakh / 100 KWe
Rs.10,000 per kW
v.
Support towards lighting devices and distribution network for off grid village level projects. Financial support limited to a maximum of 3 km i.e. Rs.3.00 lakh per project (@ Rs.1.00 lakh per km).
vi.
Special category states and Islands 20% higher CFA

3.55 A grid connected biomass gasifier based project of 1 MW capacity has been successfully installed by M/s Chanderpur Renewable Power Co. Pvt. Ltd., Village Sohana, Hema Mazra Road, P.O. Mullana, District Ambala, Haryana for meeting their captive power need of the industries and surplus power exported to the grid. IREDA has provided loan for the project.

SMALL WIND ENERGY AND HYBRID SYSTEMS (SWES)

3.56 Small Wind Energy systems including water pumping windmills, aero-generators and wind-solar hybrid systems have been found to be useful for harnessing wind and Solar energy in un-electrified areas or areas having intermittent electric supply. These systems can be set up in rural, semi urban/ urban areas having annual average wind speed of about 15 kmph or above, at 20 m height. These systems consist of aero-generator(s) and photovoltaic panels of suitable capacity of mutually supplementing power generation from wind and solar energy to offer a reliable and more cost effective electricity supply in decentralized mode. The Ministry has been implementing a programme on “Small Wind Energy and Hybrid Systems” to promote these devices and the scheme is being continued for the 12th plan period (2012-17).

3.57 The manufacturers of the small aero-generators are getting their machines empaneled under the NIWE. Type testing scheme as per the IEC standards. The testing facilities have been developed at NIWE’s test station at Kayathar in Tamil Nadu. As per the recent list of empanelment of small wind turbines, 9 small wind turbine manufacturers with 12 models ranging from 600W to 10KW have been empaneled / provisional empanelment.

3.58 A cumulative total of 1417 water-pumping windmills and an aggregate capacity of 2675 kW of the aero-generators/ hybrid systems including 166 kW have been installed

SWES System of 50 kW capacity at PSN College of Engineering and Technology, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu.

during 2015-16. The state-wise installations of Water Pumping Mills and Aero--generators / Wind Solar Hybrid Systems are given in Table-3.7.

Table-3.7 Installation of Water Pumping Mills and Aero-generators/ Wind-Solar Hybrid Systems (2015-16):
S.No
State/ UT
Water pumping Mills
Aero-generators & Hybrid Systems (kW)
1 Andaman & Nicobar
2
0
2 Andhra Pradesh
6
16
3 Arunachal Pradesh
0
7
4 Assam
3
6
5 Bihar
46
0
6 Goa
0
194
7 Gujarat
945
20
8 Haryana
0
10
9 Jammu & Kashmir
0
46
10 Karnataka
28
39
11 Kerala
79
8
12 Madhya Pradesh
0
24
13 Maharashtra
26
1599
14 Manipur
0
140
15 Meghalaya
0
192
16 Nagaland
0
20
17 Odisha
0
13
18 Puducherry
0
5
19 Punjab
0
50
20 Rajasthan
222
14
21 Sikkim
0
16
22 Tamil Nadu
60
158
23 Tripura
0
2
24 Uttarakhand
0
24
25 West Bengal
0
74
  Total
1417
2675

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1. Overview   2. Introduction 3. Power from Renewables - Grid Interactive
and Off - Grid Renewable Power
4. National Solar Mission 5. Renewable Energy for Rural Applications 6. Renewable Energy for Urban, Industrial and Commercial Application 7. Research, Design, Development and Demonstration in New and Renewable Energy 8. Renewable Energy in North Eastern States 9. Specialized Institutions 10. Support Programmes 11. International Renewable Energy Co-operation 12. Promotion of Official Language - Hindi I Annexure - I : Staff Strength I Annexure - II : Audit Paras